By Jamie Woodward
This quantity explores the climates, landscapes, ecosystems and dangers that include the Mediterranean international. It strains the improvement of the Mediterranean panorama over very lengthy timescales and examines sleek procedures and key environmental matters in quite a lot of settings. The Mediterranean is the one zone in the world the place 3 continents meet and this interplay has produced a truly particular actual Geography. This e-book examines the landscapes and approaches on the margins of those continents and the unique marine surroundings among them. Catastrophic earthquakes, explosive volcanic eruptions and devastating storms and floods are in detail certain up in the heritage and mythology of the Mediterranean international. this can be a key quarter for the learn of common risks since it bargains unrivalled entry to lengthy files of chance prevalence and impression via documentary, archaeological and geological data. The Mediterranean is additionally a biodiversity hotspot; it's been a gathering position for crops, animals and people from 3 continents all through a lot of its background. The Quaternary files of those interactions are extra diverse and higher preserved than in the other a part of the area. those files have supplied vital new insights into the pace of weather, panorama and atmosphere swap within the Mediterranean sector and past. The sector is exclusive a result of very early and common effect of people in panorama and environment switch - and the richness of the archaeological and geological data that chronicle this influence. This booklet examines this background and those interactions and areas present environmental matters in long-term context.
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Extra resources for The Physical Geography of the Mediterranean (Oxford Regional Environments)
A large but diffuse transform boundary fault developed across north-east Sicily, connecting with Calabria along the line of the Aeolian Islands (Salina, Lipari, and Vulcano) and opening the Messinia straits between Sicily and Calabria. The latter led to a period of enhanced seismic activity and unusual volcanism (carrying an Fig. 5. Volcanic activity in the western Mediterranean over the last 33 Ma. Adapted from Rosenbaum et al. 2002a. Note how the activity is older (15–7 Ma) in the western, Alboran Sea, reﬂecting an older, east dipping subduction zone that retreated westwards during the Middle–Late Miocene (Lonergan and White 1997).
Her main geographical focus is the lakes of the Mediterranean and the Balkans, encompassing research themes ranging from long-term Quaternary climate change to recent water pollution and desiccation. Neil Roberts is Professor of Physical Geography at the University of Plymouth. D. from the University of London (UCL), and has been a researcher at the University of Oxford and subsequently Lecturer at Loughborough University. His research emphasizes global change during the Late Quaternary period, specifically lake sediment-based archives of past climate variability in low and mid-latitude regions, with links to archaeology.
1. 2. 1. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 1. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. Impacts of the major influences on the biodiversity of ten Mediterranean regional hotspots xxxi 421 436 437 441 444 470 475 495 507 508 514 530 566 587 588 593 594 595 600 629 631 631 634 640 640 644 List of Contributors Ramadan Abu-Zied is an assistant lecturer in the Geology Department at Mansoura University in Egypt. D. in 2001 with Eelco Rohling in Southampton. He is a specialist in benthic foraminifera and the application of their abundance variations and stable isotope ratios in palaeoenvironmental research, with emphasis on the eastern Mediterranean.