Download Atatürk: An Intellectual Biography by M. Şükrü Hanioğlu PDF

  • admin
  • March 29, 2017
  • Turkey
  • Comments Off on Download Atatürk: An Intellectual Biography by M. Şükrü Hanioğlu PDF

By M. Şükrü Hanioğlu

When Mustafa Kemal Atatürk grew to become the 1st president of Turkey in 1923, he set approximately remodeling his state right into a secular republic the place nationalism sanctified by means of science--and through the character cult Atatürk created round himself--would reign ultimate because the new faith. This booklet offers the 1st in-depth examine the highbrow lifetime of the Turkish Republic's founder. In doing so, it frames him in the historic context of the turbulent age within which he lived, and explores the uneasy transition from the overdue Ottoman imperial order to the trendy Turkish kingdom via his existence and ideas.

laying off gentle on some of the most advanced and enigmatic statesmen of the fashionable period, M. Sükrü Hanioglu takes readers from Atatürk's early life as a Muslim boy within the risky ethnic cauldron of Macedonia, to his schooling in nonreligious and armed forces colleges, to his embody of Turkish nationalism and the modernizing younger Turks circulate. Who used to be this determine who sought glory as an formidable younger officer in global conflict I, defied the positive Allies purpose on partitioning the Turkish heartland, and defeated the final sultan? Hanioglu charts Atatürk's highbrow and ideological improvement at each degree of his existence, demonstrating how he was once profoundly stimulated via the hot principles that have been circulating within the sprawling Ottoman realm. He exhibits how Atatürk drew on a distinct mixture of scientism, materialism, social Darwinism, positivism, and different theories to style a grand utopian framework on which to construct his new nation.

Show description

Read or Download Atatürk: An Intellectual Biography PDF

Similar turkey books

Allies with the Infidel: The Ottoman and French Alliance in the Sixteenth Century (Library of Ottoman Studies)

In 1543, the Ottoman fleet seemed off the coast of France to bombard and lay siege to the town of great. The operation, lower than the command of Admiral Barbarossa, got here in keeping with a request from François I of France for the help of Sultan Süleyman the terrific in France’s fight opposed to Charles V, the Habsburg Holy Roman Emperor and King of Spain.

Innovation and Empire in Turkey: Sultan Selim III and the Modernisation of the Ottoman Navy

Ottoman naval know-how underwent a change lower than the rule of thumb of Sultan Selim III. New kinds of crusing warships similar to - and three-decked galleons, frigates and corvettes started to dominate the Ottoman fleet, rendering the galley-type oared ships out of date. this era observed technological recommendations akin to the adoption of the systematic copper sheathing of the hulls and bottoms of Ottoman warships from 1792-93 onwards and the development of the 1st dry dock within the Golden Horn.

Historical Dictionary of Turkey

Turkey is either an outdated and a brand new state. whereas the Turks were dwelling in Anatolia for the final millennium, the rustic has passed through broad Westernization because the finish of the 18th century. in spite of the fact that, on the subject of Turkey, culture has now not arrested modernization; fairly, the normal has tailored itself to the trendy.

From Empire To Empire: Jerusalem Between Ottoman and British Rule

The historical past of Jerusalem as routinely depicted is the indispensable heritage of clash and strife, of ethnic stress, and of incompatible nationwide narratives and visions. it's also a background of dramatic alterations and moments, the most radical ones being the alternative of the Ottoman regime with British rule in December 1917.

Additional resources for Atatürk: An Intellectual Biography

Sample text

As members of a privileged group, the officers viewed themselves as being above the rest of society, which it was their natural right to lead. Like other members of the Ottoman intellectual elite at this time, and many military men since, they were profoundly attracted to Gustave Le Bon’s notions of crowd psychology, in which the military held pride of place as an indispensable part of the ruling elite. They did not aim to empower disenfranchised social elements to overthrow the established order; on the contrary, they sought to strengthen the existing order the better to exercise their leadership over the feckless masses.

There she could live under the protection of her step-uncle, Langazalı Hüseyin Ağa, who was a steward at a sizable Muslim farm. The move from the comforts of middle-class life in the city to near “Hayatına Ait Hatıralar, January 1922,” in Atatürk᾽ün Söylev ve Demeçleri Tamim ve Telgrafları, vol. 5, ed. Sadi Borak and Utkan Kocatürk (Ankara: Türk İnkılâp Tarihi Enstitüsü Yayınları, 1972), 84. 27 Marc David Baer, The Dönme: Jewish Converts, Muslim Revolutionaries, and Secular Turks (Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 2010), 48–49.

The school in Monastir, established in 1847, took in an average of 75 students per year from a province with a sizable Muslim population of approximately 225,000. Admission was extremely difficult because of competition among the many children of officers and bureaucrats serving in the province. In 1899, at age eighteen, Mustafa Kemal graduated from this high school with flying colors. 3 1 Mehmed Es῾ad, Mir᾽at-ı Mekteb-i Harbiye (Istanbul: Artin Asadoryan, 1310 [1892–93]), 166–67. 2 Ibid. 3 Şerafettin Turan, Kendine Özgü Bir Yaşam ve Kişilik: Mustafa Kemal Atatürk (Istanbul: Bilgi Yayınevi, 2004), 44.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.08 of 5 – based on 23 votes