By Claude M. Fauquet, M. A. Mayo, J. Maniloff, U. Desselberger, L. A. Ball
This is often the traditional and definitive reference for virus taxonomy, generated via the ICTV nearly each three years. The VIII ICTV Virus Taxonomy record offers info on three orders of viruses, seventy three households, nine subfamilies, 287 genera and 1938 virus species, illustrated via greater than 429 images and diagrams, so much of them in colour. * the normal reputable ITCV reference for virus taxonomy and nomenclature, compiling info from 500 overseas specialists * Covers over 6000 well-known viruses, geared up by means of kin with diagrams of genome association and virus replication cycle * offers information at the phylogenic relationships among viruses belonging to a similar or assorted taxa * Now contains information regarding the qualitative and quantitative relationships among virus sequences
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Additional resources for Virus Taxonomy: VIIIth Report of the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses
Non-contractile tails are made of one major shaft or tube protein and contractile tails have a second major protein, the sheath protein, that forms a cylinder around the central tube. Tails also have small numbers of varied specific proteins at both ends. Those at the end distal from the head form a structure called the tail tip (Siphovirus) or baseplate (Myovirus) to which the tail fibers are attached. The tail fibers bind to the first-contact receptors on the surface of susceptible cells. Fibers or baseplates may include proteins with endoglycosidase or peptidoglycan hydrolase activity that aid in gaining access to the cell surface and entry of DNA into the cell.
The modules of sequence that constitute the mosaic are typically individual genes, but they can also be parts of genes corresponding to protein domains, or small groups of genes such as prohead assembly genes. The mosaicism is evidently the result of non-homologous recombination during the evolution of these viruses. The novel juxtapositions of sequence produced in this way are spread through the population and reassorted with each other by means of homologous recombination. Regardless of mechanism, the overall result is as if each phage had constituted its genome by picking modules from a menu, choosing one module from each of perhaps fifty columns, each of which has alternative choices.
PDB-ID: 1EJ6) Nodamura virus: Nodaviridae; Alphanodavirus; Nodamura virus, strain (NA). , Munshi, S. E. (1997). 3 angstrom resolution from pseudo-R32 (monoclinic) crystals. , 53, 738-746. (PDB-ID: 1NOV) Norwalk virus: Caliciviridae; Norovirus; Norwalk virus; strain (recombinant capsid). G. K. (1999). X-ray crystallographic structure of Norwalk virus capsid. Science, 286, 287-290. (PDB-ID: 1IHM) Nudaurelia capensis omega virus: Tetraviridae; Omegatetravirus; Nudaurelia capensis omega virus; strain (NA).