By Nigel Taylor
Following the second one international battle, glossy structures of city and neighborhood making plans have been proven in Britain and such a lot different built nations. during this publication, Nigel Taylor describes the alterations in making plans suggestion that have taken position seeing that then.
He outlines the most theories of making plans, from the normal view of city making plans as an workout in actual layout, to the platforms and rational method perspectives of making plans of the Nineteen Sixties; from Marxist money owed of the position of making plans in capitalist society within the Seventies, to theories approximately making plans implementation, and more moderen perspectives of making plans as a kind of `communicative action'.
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At the national-regional scale the overall objective was to maintain the existing balance of population and employment between the main regions of Britain. Regional policy discouraged excessive economic growth in the already relatively prosperous regions of the south east and the west Midlands and, conversely, encouraged economic development in those regions in the north of England, Scotland and Wales that had suffered most heavily from economic depression and unemployment in the 1930s. The objectives of planning at subregional or city regional scale can be summed up broadly under the label of ' urban containment', for all the objec tives Hall describes at this level worked towards that end.
This comprehensiveness was part of the Utopian tradition: Howard's and Le Corbusier's schemes were for whole cities and sets of cities. And this 'gran diose' approach to town planning comes through in Lewis Keeble's ( 1 952) influential textbook, Principles and Practice of Town and Country Planning, in which many of Keeble's hypothetical plans are plans for whole towns or regIOns. Three further aspects of the post-war 'Utopian comprehensive' approach to planning are worth commenting on here. g.
Note how the prime reason given here for protecting the countryside is aes thetic; the countryside is not to be 'sacrificed' to urban development because, presumably, the countryside is typically an aesthetically higher-quality en vironment than the town. , p. 4 1 ) also claimed that traditional compact urban settlements were preferable in their own right: THE VALUES OF POST-WAR PLANNING THEORY 31 There are long-standing, well-tried advantages in the principle of com pactness for urban areas which are not to be lightly jettisoned in favour of the supposed advantages of dispersal.