By Olanrewaju B. Smith
The city agriculture zone in West and critical Africa is growing to be quickly, regardless of an damaging political and coverage atmosphere. This e-book describes the precious contribution that city agriculture is making to meals safeguard and concrete sanitation within the towns of the quarter. It additionally offers a technique for launching a multi-stakeholder community on city agriculture, and does so with enter and aid from manufacturers; NGOs; nationwide, local, and foreign examine associations; donors; and policymakers and govt officers at either the municipal and nationwide degrees. This ebook comprises chapters in either English and French. each one bankruptcy is preceeded by means of an summary within the substitute language.
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Additional resources for Urban Agriculture in West Africa: Contributing to Food Security and Urban Sanitation
Arrivés jeunes dans l'agriculture urbaine, ils ne peuvent bénéficier des espaces relevant du foncier coutumier. Par ailleurs, célibataires pour la plupart, ils ne peuvent que louer ou emprunter des parcelles agricoles. De même, du point de vue de leurs statuts d'occupation résidentielle, ils vivent en location ou sont hébergés par des parents. Avec le temps, ils amassent des revenus plus ou moins suffisants ; alors ils se marient et de ce fait acquièrent une notoriété sociale importante. Ds peuvent ainsi accéder aux espaces agricoles relevant du domaine coutumier par rachat, dons ou dans une large mesure, par emprunt.
For instance, in the Greater Accra Region (which may match approximately the peri-urban area of Accra), okra, tomatoes, peppers, and garden-eggs are intensively cultivated on 13% of the area, and it can be assumed that they are mostly for city consumption. The production of vegetables increased between 1992 and 1996 from 66 500 to 211 000 metric tonnes while the cultivated vegetable area increased by 40% (MOFA 1993, 1996). Assuming 9 kg of nitrogen (N) per tonne of harvested vegetables (Stoorvogel and Smaling 1990), the annual N flow to Accra amounts to about 2 000 tonnes through these vegetables alone.
It has been estimated, for example, that between 1953 and 1963, 644 000 people migrated to Lagos in Nigeria, accounting for 75% of the city's total population growth (Binns 1994). While world per-capita cereal production increased between 1970 and 1990 from 303 to 327 kg, production in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) fell from 135 to 112 kg. Consequently, the average cereal consumption in 1990 was more than 100 kg less than the average of all developing countries — although net cereal imports to SSA increased from 3 to 9 million tonnes (De Haen and Lindland 1997; Singer 1997).