By Karin Aijmer
The multifunctionality of pragmatic markers makes it tricky to explain their which means and sensible power. for instance, we all know little or no approximately pragmatic markers and prosody, their sociolinguistic use (how they're concerning the speaker's social classification, age, or gender) or their distribution throughout textual content varieties (informal dialog, dialogue, and broadcast program).
This ebook surveys pragmatic markers in a corpus of spoken English, targeting the features played through the markers in several different types of textual content. Karen Aijmer explores the syntactic, semantic, pragmatic, and discourse points of the markers. via taking a broader point of view at the markers, classifying them, describing their class-specific homes, and interpreting person markers, she assesses no matter if any generalizations might be made approximately their prosody.
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Extra resources for Understanding Pragmatic Markers: A Variational Pragmatic Approach
In other text types (such as a heated discussion) the emotional character of well might be even more striking. Some meanings of well are infrequent in the corpus and are less conventionalised, especially as they are dependent on the immediate context. Well can, for instance, be used in exclamations of surprise, that is, a clearly attitudinal meaning. In the following example well is emotional as seen by the collocation (what the hell). A and B are young female students. A has ordered a photo of Woodville Feast.
Well has core meanings (or sub-senses) associated with coherence, involvement and politeness. In addition, well has functions which become visible only if we look at different social situations (activity types) where it occurs. When we describe how well is used, for example, for opening a discussion, challenging, hedging, or modification, the uses or functions are the result of the participants’ negotiation and communicative work in concrete situations. We shall see, for example, that contextual factors associated with a particular text type can lead to the favouring of a specific use of well’s meaning potential.
Speaker A starts with a question about how B (and C) got involved in the Mike Heafy project (a dance project with both abled and disabled participants). B takes the turn first to elaborate on how she became interested in the project. indd 34 18/03/2013 14:21 THE PRAGMATIC MARKER WELL 35 Well is pronounced with a full vowel and a fall tone suggesting that well is used to introduce an extensive portion of the discourse. Both pronunciation and prosodic features such as pauses are important to analyse well in this function.