Download Twilight in the Desert: The Coming Saudi Oil Shock and the by Matthew R. Simmons PDF

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By Matthew R. Simmons

Twilight within the Desert finds a Saudi oil and construction that can quickly strategy a significant, irreversible decline. during this exhaustively researched booklet, veteran oil analyst Matthew Simmons attracts on his three-plus a long time of insider event and greater than two hundred independently produced reviews approximately Saudi petroleum assets and construction operations. He uncovers a narrative approximately Saudi Arabia’s oil undefined, let alone its political and societal instability, which differs sharply from the globally authorized Saudi model. It’s a narrative that's provocative and worrying, in keeping with indisputable proof, yet beforehand by no means informed in its entirety. Twilight within the wilderness solutions all readers’ questions on Saudi oil and creation industries with prepared exam rather than unsubstantiated posturing, and takes its position as probably the most vital books of this still-young century.

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An estimated $29 billion is now being spent, and initial production in 2009 is estimated to reach only 75,000 barrels a day. Kashagan’s oil output is projected ultimately to exceed one million barrels a day, but this event is not expected to occur until sometime in 2015. The other new “giant” oilfield developments are located in the deepwater regions of the Gulf of Mexico and West Africa. None of these projects is expected to produce in excess of 200,000 to 250,000 barrels a day. qxd 5/16/05 12:40 PM Page 21 The Birth of a Nation 21 riencing relatively high rates of decline.

Gulf sold its Bahrain oil option to Standard Oil of California (SOCAL), which led to the creation of a new subsidiary, Bahrain Petroleum Company. Its first local representative was none other than the ubiquitous Major Frank Holmes. This trading of concessions, all prompted by the New Zealand sheep man, first brought SOCAL to the Middle East. SOCAL sent Fred Davies, one of its best geologists, and William Taylor, general superintendent of the Foreign Division, to Bahrain. They identified the best sites on which to drill a well, but found little oil.

Light oils are more valuable and range from 38º to 34º API. Medium oils have an API gravity of about 32º, and heavy oils start at about 29º. As API gravity decreases, the oil thickens until it becomes tar that will not flow at normal temperatures. On the long list of known geologic formations in Saudi Arabia, the Arab formation is almost hard to find. Virtually all the oil produced at the super-giant Ghawar and Abqaiq fields has come from the Arab D oil column, meaning the vertical thickness of the oil-bearing rock layer.

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