Download Turkish Foreign Policy and Turkish Identity: A by Yucel Bozdaglioglu PDF

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By Yucel Bozdaglioglu

By utilizing the middle insights of the constructivist strategy in diplomacy, this e-book analyzes the international coverage habit of Turkey. It argues that all through its smooth historical past, Turkey's overseas coverage has been plagued by its Western identification created within the years following the warfare of Independence.

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Extra info for Turkish Foreign Policy and Turkish Identity: A Constructivist Approach (International Relations Series)

Sample text

With its underlying logic and its culture. ” 55 As it should be obvious, the fundamental question in these debates centered on the identity of both state and society. During the Young Turk era, another component, Turkism, was added to the debate. Before that, there existed two traditional forms of identification in the Ottoman society: Ottoman and Muslim. However, by the turn of the nineteenth century, many educated Turks had come to identify themselves “as ethnically (or ‘racially’) Turkish.

The convergence of political and cultural values increases the similarity among nations and “the rationale for identities that assume they are fundamentally different from us, and the potential for positive identification increases…”59 Strategic practice is the last factor that affects the emergence of collective identity. It could be in the forms of behavioral—what actors do—and rhetorical—what actors say. First, interaction helps actors learn “to see themselves as others do…Second, through interaction actors [try] to project and sustain presentations of self.

The closer the corporate identities of 32 TURKISH FOREIGN POLICY AND TURKISH IDENTITY states, the more likely they will positively identify with each other and start interaction at the collective end of the identity continuum. ARGUMENT II Systemic interactions consistent with the roles assigned by a state’s identity tend to confirm that identity, while interactions inconsistent with the expected roles work to change the state’s identity. Presence of such factors as similar corporate identities (convergence of domestic values or ideologies), rising interdependence (trade or capital flow, common external threat), acceptance by others, and positive systemic processes (behavioral or rhetorical) contribute to collective identity formation.

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