By Marianne Lederer
This publication, the English model of los angeles traduction aujourd'hui (Hachette 1994), describes the interpretive thought of translation constructed on the Paris Ecole Supérieure d'Interprètes et de Traducteurs (ESIT) during the last 35 years.
The conception identifies the psychological and cognitive approaches desirous about either oral and written translation: knowing the textual content, deverbalizing its language, re-expressing experience. For the needs of translation, languages are a method of transmitting feel, they don't seem to be to be translated as such. even though translation comprises using correspondences, translators ordinarily arrange equivalence among textual content segments. The synecdochic nature of either languages and texts, a phenomenon mentioned within the ebook, explains why translation is feasible throughout language differences.
The many useful difficulties confronted by way of translators, the variation among translation workouts used as a language instructing software translation, translating right into a overseas language, and desktop translation compared to human translation also are discussed.
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Extra info for Translation: The Interpretive Model
The ties were pulled down a little so the shirt collars could be unbuttoned. And the soldiers wore the girls’ (F) Les soldats avaient déboutonné leur tunique et passé leur ceinture dans leurs épaulettes, ils avaient défait leur cravate afin de pouvoir ouvrir leur col, et ils avaient coiffé les chapeaux des filles: l’un avait Translation: The Interpretive Model hats, one a tiny yellow straw boater with a bunch of daisies on the crown, the other a white knitted half-hat to which medallions of blue cellophane adhered.
The translator is not hypnotised by the English expression: she sees the scene, feels the blissful happiness of the young lovers at sunrise and the English words vanish. She writes what she sees in a way which makes her French readers participate in the languorous tranquillity of the young couple. How could one reproduce this passage without deverbalizing it? By using correspondences? The sun ‘lighted’ – ‘éclairait’? ‘illuminait’? ‘she scratched him over one ear’ – ‘elle le gratta audessus d’une oreille’?
A smaller unit will only allow word correspondences. Units of sense exist only in discourse; they do not coincide with words, syntagms, collocations or set expressions. As a mental representation – at a rational level, therefore – a unit of sense Translation: The Interpretive Model 19 corresponds to a brief state of consciousness. Freud (1953) speaks of consciousness as a most fleeting state (ein höchst flüchtiger Zustand); most of what we know consciously is latent – it is in a state of psychic unconsciousness.