By Tim Marshall
This precise publication, written via neighborhood specialists within the urban, bargains with the transformation of Barcelona over the past two decades. Barcelona has been held up as a version of city making plans and fiscal regeneration among outfitted setting pros. The remodel of sq. parks and streets through the urban within the Eighties first attracted recognition and compliment after which the 1992 Olympics hosted within the urban raised overseas wisdom. town got many awards and accolades together with a Gold Medal from the RIBA. the choice of writings is easily illustrated all through with maps, drawings and pictures and should be of curiosity to architects, planners and concrete designers in addition to these drawn to the social and financial affects of regeneration.
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Additional resources for Transforming Barcelona: The Renewal of a European Metropolis
London: Routledge. McNeill, D. (2002) “Barcelona unbound: urban identity 1992–2002”, Arizona Journal of Hispanic Cultural Studies, 6, pp. 245–61. and Tarragó, S. (1996) Cerdà: Urbs i Territori/Planning Beyond the Urban, Madrid: Electa. 22 MARSHALL Mancomunitat de Municipis (1996) Dinàmiques Metropolitanes a l’Àrea i la Regió de Barcelona, Àrea Metropolitana de Barcelona. Marshall, T. (1994) “Barcelona and the Delta: metropolitan infrastructure planning and socioecological projects”, Journal of Environmental Planning and Management, 37(4): 395–414.
This is a process through which practically all the nuclei with the highest populations and densities (independently of their locations) tend to yield relative weight and, in many cases, population in absolute terms, towards other more dispersed and less densely populated locations. Demographic dispersion also corresponds to the growing dispersion of economic activities and services in the metropolitan territory. In the past 20 years, the city’s economy has lived through a very pronounced structural adjustment: the shift from an industrially based economy to an increasingly tertiary one, as well as expanded flexibility in the productive process (which has affected both the average size of businesses, and the organization of productive processes and of labour regulations).
URBAN DYNAMICS, PUBLIC POLICIES AND GOVERNANCE 31 Urban area expansion The second contingency that now characterizes the evolution of this metropolis is its expansion over space. At the same time that its population and its activities disperse over the territory, the metropolitan region expands more and more in order to integrate an ever-growing space in its network of daily functions. Thus, if we try to define the scope of metropolitan Barcelona in terms of conventional criteria of the SMSA (Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area) we see how the territory that we can consider metropolitan has gone from: • 62 municipalities and 1,010 km² in 1981; to • 146 municipalities in 1991; and to • 216 municipalities and 4,597 km² in 1996.