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By Prem Athukorala

This learn examines problems with alternate coverage within the gentle of the adventure of constructing Asian economies. Case stories spotlight swiftly unfolding matters in exchange and improvement almost about Sri Lanka, Malaysia, India, Indonesia, Pakistan, South Korea, Taiwan and Thailand.The concerns explored comprise exchange liberalization and business adjustment, employment and fairness results of export-oriented industrialization, the impression of structural adjustment reforms on discount rates and funding and the function of international direct funding in export growth.

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Extra resources for Trade Policy Issues in Asian Development (Routledge Studies in the Growth Economies of Asia, 20)

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The typical pre-liberalisation developing economy is one in which a variety of sectors and markets, as well as the foreign trade regime, are subject to controls. In addition to incurring significant economic costs individually, these controls interact with one another to magnify their total cost to the economy. The manner in which the economy reacts to trade liberalisation depends on what happens in related markets. Moreover, macroeconomic influences provide the framework within which firm-level decisions are made, and thus affect importantly the outcome of liberalisation reforms.

Useful surveys of their work can be found in Diaz-Alejandro (1975), Bhagwati (1988), Bhagwati and Srinivasan (1979) and Krueger (1997). It was almost taken for granted that there was little room for developing countries to prosper through exporting labour-intensive manufactured goods. A widely used textbook of the time put forward the consensus view as follows: Some special cases such as Hong Kong and Puertorico have been able to obtain relief through exporting labour intensive manufactured goods, but it is doubtful whether this solution will be generally available to others.

RER2: Real exchange rate measured as the ratio of export price index (in rupee) adjusted for export subsidies to domestic wholesale price index of manufactured goods. 29 TRADE POLICY REFORMS IN SRI LANKA relative to changes in the respective domestic market price. Thus, it can be interpreted as an indicator of the relative profitability of exporting over selling in the home market (‘the home market bias’ or ‘anti-export bias’). Two separate sets of estimates for the real exchange rate (RER1 and RER2) are presented in order to help understand the role of direct subsidies in determining relative profitability.

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