By D. Tussie
Latin the USA has a pivotal function to play in foreign exchange negotiations. This publication specializes in the foremost concerns for Latin American international locations' participation in exchange negotiations at the transferring floor of increasing alternate agendas, diversifying negotiation fora and rising coalitions. via research of the administration of sectors, the administration of pageant and clash and the interaction of pursuits and coalitions, Diana Tussie and a staff of neighborhood and overseas specialists resolve the strands of the advanced net of alternate negotiations.
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I must mention in particular Valentina Delich, Marisa DiazHenderson, Manuela Tortora, Daniel Chudnovsky, Rohinton Medhora and Nicola Phillips who generously read and provided comments on previous drafts. Gabriela Rodriguez Lopez and Cintia Quiliconi also deserve special mention. lowe a vast debt to Brita Siepker for her time and energy in putting together this introduction. Some sections draw on a previous essay with Miguel Lengyel. Needless to say, the responsibility for the interpretations that finally emerged from these discussions, insofar as they are reflected in the text, is mine alone.
Similarly, there is little doubt about the importance of protection of intellectual property to foster invention. The arguments in favor of linking labor and environmental standards to trade measures are much more controversial as there are significant doubts on what would be the end impact on exactly those targets which are thought to be worthwhile to pursue. Compulsory minimum standards enforced through trade retaliation measures may end up further hurting abused workers and the environment, a result which is directly in contradiction with the alleged aims of such trade measures (Bhagwati and Srinivasan, 1996, and Brown, Deardorff and Stern, 1996).
The EU and Japan persistently resisted considering further reductions in protection affecting agricultural products. The US, on the other hand, made it clear, in a surprising move, that it would consider as a sine qua non the inclusion of labor standards in the new round. These stances were partially ceded at Doha, as a new recognition of the interests of developing countries arose among a desperate 19 20 Trade Negotiations in Latin America search for consensus. On one hand, a new round was only possible with an acceptance of the growing importance of developing countries in the WTO.