By Ronald Grigor Suny
Beginning in early 1915, the Ottoman Turks started deporting and killing millions of Armenians within the first significant genocide of the 20 th century. via the top of the 1st international struggle, the variety of Armenians in what might turn into Turkey have been decreased via 90 percent—more than one million humans. A century later, the Armenian Genocide continues to be debatable yet really unknown, overshadowed through later slaughters and the chasm keeping apart Turkish and Armenian models of occasions. during this definitive narrative heritage, Ronald Suny cuts via nationalist myths, propaganda, and denial to supply an unequalled account of whilst, how, and why the atrocities of 1915–16 have been committed.
As it misplaced territory in the course of the warfare, the Ottoman Empire used to be changing into a extra homogenous Turkic-Muslim nation, however it nonetheless contained huge non-Muslim groups, together with the Christian Armenians. The younger Turk leaders of the empire believed that the Armenians have been inner enemies secretly allied to Russia and plotting to win an self sufficient country. Suny exhibits that the nice majority of Armenians have been honestly dependable topics who desired to stay within the empire. however the younger Turks, steeped in imperial nervousness and anti-Armenian bias, turned confident that the survival of the kingdom trusted the removal of the Armenians. Suny is the 1st to discover the mental components in addition to the foreign and family occasions that helped result in genocide.
Drawing on archival files and eyewitness money owed, this can be an unforgettable chronicle of a cataclysm that set a sad trend for a century of genocide and crimes opposed to humanity.
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Extra resources for "They Can Live in the Desert but Nowhere Else" : A History of the Armenian Genocide
26 The tribes were based on kinship and descent along the male lines, but loyalties were directed to specific leaders rather than to the tribe. Divided by their tribal affiliations, loyalties to kin and leaders, the rugged mountain terrain, and their various dialects, which are related to the Iranian branch of Indo-European languages, Kurds were a fragmented people, difficult to organize, unite, or conquer completely. The image of Kurds in Western literature derived from the Orientalist sensibilities of travelers.
33 Government efforts to centralize the empire met with resistance from local notables who had long run their affairs with little state interference. Urban elites looked with contempt on the backward nomadic and semi-nomadic society in the east. 34 Either visibly or disguised, power was ultimately backed by force, the potential use of violence by the stronger. In Anatolia landlords and tribal chiefs maintained retainers, often no more than hired thugs, to enforce their rule or collect their dues.
57 In a second great decree—the Hatt-i Hümayun (1856)—which was issued under European pressure, equality went further: Muslims and non-Muslims were declared fully equal under the law. All subjects of the sultan would be treated more or less the same, as Ottomans. Since this second law was a significant break with Islamic traditions of inequality between the faithful and the unfaithful, it was met by fierce opposition, particularly outside the capital. 58 Not all non-Muslims greeted the law enthusiastically.