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By Erik J.

The grand narrative of The younger Turk Legacy and country development is that of the basic continuity of the past due Ottoman Empire with the Republic of Turkey that used to be based in 1923. Erik Jan Zurcher exhibits that Kemals ideological toolkit, which integrated positivism, militarism, nationalism and a state-centred global view, used to be shared through many different younger Turks. Authoritarian rule, a one-party country, a felony framework in response to ecu ideas, complicated European-style paperwork, monetary management, army and academic reforms and state-control of Islam, can all be present in the past due Ottoman Empire, as can guidelines of demographic engineering. The publication makes a speciality of the makes an attempt of the younger Turks to avoid wasting their empire via compelled modernization in addition to at the makes an attempt in their Kemalist successors to construct a powerful nationwide nation. the last decade of just about non-stop struggle, ethnic clash and compelled migration among 1911 and 1922 varieties the historical past to those makes an attempt and for this reason occupies a important place during this volume.This is a strong heritage reflecting and contributing to the most recent study from a number one historian of recent Turkey. it truly is crucial for all readers attracted to the heritage of the Ottoman Empire and Turkey, and for an knowing of a key participant within the politics of the center East and Europe.

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Sükrü Haniog ˘ lu’s definitive studies of the Young Turk movement before the revolution, The Young Turks in Opposition and Preparation for a Revolution. The Young Turks 1902–1908. Immeasurably better documented, both with archival materials and published works of the Young Turks themselves, these books set a new standard. The actual revolution itself is dealt with on pages 265–78 of the second book. Haniog ˘ lu’s account is the most detailed and best documented that we have at our disposal. indd 28 3/23/2010 6:40:58 PM The Historiography of the Constitutional Revolution effort to gain information on the Young Turk movement and to suppress it, and documents from the CUP later published in the weekly supplement to the Unionist party newspaper ¸Surayı Ümmet.

In this respect, Lewis’s terminology reflects a tradition which has been well-established since the mid-1920s. The authors of the stream of books written about the new republic had a strong predilection for this and similar descriptions: Eliot Grinnell Mears, Modern Turkey (1924); Berthe Georges-Gaulis, La Nouvelle Turquie (1924); Kurt Ziemke, Die neue Türkei (1930); Jean Deny, Petit manuel de la Turquie Nouvelle (1933); Henry Elisha Allen, The Turkish Transformation (1935); Sir Harry Luke, The Old Turkey and the New (1936); August, Ritter von Kral, Das Land Kemal Atatürks.

Clearly the insurrection is primarily a Muslim movement, and the religious motif is very strong here. The fact that later in the insurrection the officers try to reassure the Macedo-Bulgarian population that the movement is not aimed against them and call upon Bulgarian bands to join them, does not belie this primary focus on the Muslims. Third, the way officers try to latch on to the concerns of the peasant population is interesting. According to Niyazi, he found strong support for the CUP in some, or even most, of the Muslim villages.

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