By Patrick W. Skehan, Alexander A. Di Lella
The knowledge of Ben Sira (Ecclesiasticus) comprises the sayings of Ben Sira, arguably the final of Israel's clever males and its first specialist scribe, whose international was once outlined and ruled via Greek principles and beliefs. This Hellenistic worldview challenged the adequacy of the faith handed all the way down to the Palestinian Jews of the second one century B.C.E. through their ancestors. Ben Sira's education in either Judaic and Hellenistic literary traditions ready him to satisfy this problem. He vigorously antagonistic any compromise of Jewish values; and his teachings reinforced the religion and self assurance of his people.Through its stylish poetry and vehement exhortations, The knowledge of Ben Sira exposes the in poor health results of sinful habit on one's overall healthiness, prestige, and religious and fabric healthiness. Ben Sira's rigorous code of ethical habit used to be the degree of Jewish faithfulness in an period of moral and spiritual financial disaster.
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Extra info for The Wisdom of Ben Sira
Take, for example, the following case: 6 These two things bring grief to my heart, and the third rouses my anger: A wealthy person reduced to want; the intelligent held in contempt; And the person who passes from justice to sin— him the Lord makes ready for the sword (26:28). * Cf. W. B. Stevenson, "A Mnemonic Use of Numbers in Proverbs and Ben Sira," TGUOS 9 (1938-39): 26-38; W. M. W. Roth, "The Numerical Sequence X / X + l in the Old Testament," VT 12 (1962): 300-11; idem, Numerical Sayings in the Old Testament; G.
D. 66-70), re ceived from the Synagogue a group of undifferentiated writings that were 2 3 2 A. C. ," CBQ 28 (1966): 199. A. C. Sundberg, "The Old Testament of the Early Church," HTR 51 (1958): 205-26; The Old Testament of the Early Church (HTS 20); CBQ 28 (1966): 194-203; "The Bible Canon and the Christian Doctrine of Inspiration," Int 29 (1975): 352-71. I am summarizing the results of Sundberg's research in these paragraphs. 3 19 CANONICITY OF THE BOOK AND PLACE IN THE CANON considered in some way sacred.
Physician, heal yourself" (quoted by Jesus in Luke 4:23). "Like mother, like daughter" (Ezek 16:44). " N o t as man sees does God see, because man sees the appearance but the LORD looks into the heart" (1 Sam 16:7). " I n much wisdom there is much sorrow, and he who stores up knowledge stores up grief" (Qoh 1:18). " A live dog is better off than a dead lion" (Qoh 9:4). "Pride goes before disaster, and a haughty spirit before a fall" (Prov 16:18). "Better a dry crust with peace LITERARY GENRES 23 than a house full of feasting with strife" (Prov 17:1).