By Peter Ingwersen
The flip analyzes the examine of knowledge looking and retrieval (IS&R) and proposes a brand new path of integrating learn in those parts: the fields should still flip off their separate and slender paths and build a brand new street of study. a necessary path for this road is context as given within the subtitle integration of knowledge looking and Retrieval in Context.
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Additional info for The Turn: Integration of Information Seeking and Retrieval in Context
Chapt. 6 proposes our integrated framework for IS&R, based on the cognitive view. We discuss requirements for such models, and its major components: tasks, contexts, situations, and seeking and retrieval processes/tools. We also demonstrate the applicability of the framework from the viewpoint of several partakers of IR processes. Secondly, the complexity of IR processes is discussed. Issues related to information seekers, their situations, work and search tasks, task complexity, knowledge types, and interaction are among others brought forward.
The year 1986 brought the landmark review publication in the Annual Review of Information Science and Technology (ARIST) by Dervin and Nilan (1986) which signifies the start of the new user-oriented (or actororiented) approach to information seeking. Several user-centered approaches to information seeking developed. Among the major ones were Dervin’s Sense-Making Approach, Ellis’ (1989; et al. 1993) behavioral model of information seeking strategies, and Kuhlthau’s Information Seeking Process Model (1991; 1993a).
1. The first condition of our conception modifies slightly the idea of information as structure proposed by Belkin (1978, p. 81). Isolated, the first condition refers to what M. , the tangible contents of objects (1991a; 1991b). The second condition itself refers to his notion of information as knowledge, which is as intangible as what he calls information as process. The latter notion refers to the communication process of informing, the cognitive level on Fig. 1. A fourth concept, information processing, refers to the tangible data processes within machines or through communication channels at linguistic surface levels.