By Samuel Totten
This quantity is produced from over 2,300 annotations on a big selection of matters and themes germane to the topic of forestalling the atrocities of genocide and handling those conflicts once they do come up. Samuel Totten brings jointly in a single complete assortment the examine and findings in a number of fields, similar to political technological know-how, sociology, historical past, and psychology, to allow experts in genocide reports, peace reports, and clash solution to profit from the insights of a various variety of students and foster an realizing of ways many of the elements of genocide experiences attach. one of the subject matters integrated are: key conventions, overseas treaties, and covenants genocide early caution signs and forecasting danger information bases sanctions peacekeeping missions clash answer the overseas felony court docket realpolitik vis-?-vis the difficulty of genocide prevention and intervention key non-governmental companies key governmental and UN our bodies engaged on those vital issues. as well as the annotations, Totten frames the bibliography with a tremendous essay that introduces the reader to the topic of prevention and intervention of genocide, elevating a bunch of serious concerns in regards to the strengths, weaknesses, and obstacles of varied methods germane to problems with handling those conflicts.
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Additional info for The Prevention and Intervention of Genocide: An Annotated Bibliography
What the international community seems to grasp intellectually, but has largely failed to act on, is that to prevent genocide prophylactic action must begin as soon as a specific group is in some way ostracized, treated as “other,” and/or “targeted” in any number of ways. That is, ameliorative action must be taken before the conflict or crisis results in violence, for by the time violence breaks out and help is on the way, many hundreds, if not thousands or tens of thousands and more, may already be dead as a result of a massacre, a series of massacres, and/or genocide.
Numerous times over the past decade and a half, both individual nations and the United Nations have opted to “do something,” no matter how ineffective that “something” might be. Indeed, all that ostensibly mattered was that there was the appearance of concern and/or action. I refer to such a situation as the “mirage effect,” a situation that offers a false hope and nothing more. Such half-hearted actions can, and have had, deleterious results. Weiss’ (1993, p. indd 34 11/15/2006 3:15:44 PM Introduction 35 Incremental measures under the United Nations auspices paradoxically fostered Serbia’s genocidal war aims.
NGO personnel dealing with famines, the care of refugees, and other major crises, already have their hands full, often working in far-flung areas under chaotic and dangerous conditions. Thus, while such individuals and groups can, when possible, provide critical information regarding major human rights infractions, their efforts are, at best, fragmentary and often sporadic. That said, in various cases where the press and various NGOs provided fragmented information about incidents of cataclysmic violence that eventuated in genocide, it would have proved invaluable had the reports been conscientiously followed up on and fully investigated by the UN and/or independent governments.