Download The Phonology of Japanese by Laurence Labrune PDF

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By Laurence Labrune

This can be the fullest account of jap phonology ever released. while it makes unique contributions either to present figuring out of the japanese sound process and to modern phonological conception extra in most cases.

After a attention of the historical past of linguistic version in eastern, the publication makes a speciality of smooth general jap and its significant dialectical adaptations. Professor Labrune provides a serious assessment of present jap phonology and new analyses of the primary good points of jap phonology, together with section stock, the phonology of voicing, the character of moraic segments, the mora, the syllable, the foot and the higher prosodic devices, and accessory. Drawing on her personal wide learn and on released paintings in and outdoors Japan Professor Labrune provides a synthesis of labor inside of and out of doors Japan. In doing so she indicates the good price in addition to many of the barriers of techniques derived from jap conventional linguistics and philology, paintings which has mostly been overlooked open air the rustic. Her balanced, transparent presentation will entice phonologists and their complicated scholars in the course of the global.

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Hence, they are often regarded as Yamato words. Here are some examples, which illustrate some of the different cases one is likely to encounter, and which provide an idea of the complexity of the issue (Old Chinese reconstructions are from Tôdô, 1996): (7) to go mirror north clearness ten thousand to various supply Go reading – hoku myou 〈 myau gyou 〈 gyau mon – nou 〈 nahu Kan reading kan 〈 kamu hoku mei kou 〈 kau ban zou dou 〈 dahu Tô reading – – – an – zou 〈 zahu na Usage reading – – – – man zatsu, zou tou 〈 tahu, nan Old Ch.

These words were often borrowed via Chinese: for example kawara° {kapāla} ‘tile’, daruma° {(bodhi-) dharma}, or danna° {dāna} ‘master, husband’. These words are generally considered to be Yamato words. From the morpho-phonological point of view, they do not display any particular characteristic which distinguishes them from Yamato words. But the Page 20 of 23 Introduction oldest gairaigo or the ones which are in very frequent or daily use are more Japanized than those of more recent introduction or those less frequently employed.

Ka rasu [ˡkaɾasɯ̥] ‘crow, raven’ a ki [ˡaki̥] ‘autumn’ ke chi [ˡketɕi̥] ‘stinginess’ c. kokoro [ko̥ ˡkoɾo] ‘heart’ hokori [ho̥ koˡɾi] ‘pride’ haka [hḁˡka] ‘tomb’ d. 1. 2. The instrumental analysis shows that the devoiced vowel is characterized by the absence of the first formant and of the so-called ‘voice bar’ that corresponds to the vocal folds vibration in a ki kara, contrary to a ki demo. As Faber and Vance (2000) observe, Japanese voiceless vowels maintain this supralaryngeal integrity regardless of their surface duration, both in influencing the articulatory and acoustic characteristics of adjacent phonological units and in mediating longer-distance effects of one segment on another.

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