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By Thomas Deckker

The intended rationality of the city making plans of the fashionable flow encompassed various attitudes in the direction of heritage, expertise and tradition, from the imaginative and prescient of Berlin as an American city, throughout the dispute among the urbanists and disurbanists within the Soviet Union to the technocratic and austere imaginative and prescient of Le Corbusier. After the second one international struggle, architects tried to reconcile those utopian visions to the sensible difficulties of creating - or reconstructing - city environments, from Piero Bottoni on the Quartiere Trienale eight in Milan in 1951 to Lucio Costa at Bras'lia in 1957. within the Seventies, the cave in of Modernism caused universial condemnation of contemporary urbanism; city planning,and rationality itself, have been thrown into doubt. despite the fact that, the sort of wholesale condemnation hides the advanced realities underlying those sleek towns. The individuals outline the various theoretical foundations of contemporary city making plans, and re-examine the successes and the mess ups of the outfitted effects. The publication ends with contrasting perspectives of the inheritance of contemporary urbanism within the usa and the Netherlands.

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Much of the work which theoretically followed Miliutin’s official principles was highly compromised in reality. Many of those promised ‘new towns’ ended up as barrack settlements. The byt which Sabsovich envisaged became a reality for many citizens, but in improvised buildings and through the state’s poverty, not through positive principle. In industrial cities, new and old, there remains some built work of real architectural quality and some remnants of planning inspired by Miliutin’s compromise.

Thus a curtain came down on the whole polemic that had taken place in the Soviet Union and it was threeand-a-half decades before anyone in East or West dared to start lifting it. Among Soviet architects, planners and scholars, this whole episode became something to be mentioned only in whispers, if known at all. Even in the middle and late 1960s it remained censored. 73 These were seminal revelations for a new generation including myself. When I started research later that year, with a whiff from various sources and encouragement from Kopp, the door to Moscow slammed shut at the mention of such a topic.

Competition design, first prize, 1929 18 Bernd Nicolai post-war architecture of the 1950s and 1960s. Although Luckhardt had won the competition, Peter Behrens, who delivered a very similar design, was commissioned. The front two buildings, quite close to the railway station, were built in 1930–2. They have a similar structure to Max Taut’s Trade Union building. Luckhardt’s draft design was a model for the central square of Hans Kollhoff’s project for a skyscraper city at Alexanderplatz, which hopefully will never be executed.

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