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By L.G. Kelly

A lot is understood concerning the grammar of the modistae and approximately its eclipse; this booklet units out to track its upward push. within the past due eleventh century grammar grew to become an analytical instead of an exegetical self-discipline lower than the impetus of the hot theology. below the impetus of Arab studying the traditional sciences have been reshaped based on the norms of Aristotle's "Analytics", and constructed inside of a constitution of speculative sciences starting with grammar and culminating in theology. even though the modistae recognize Aristotle, Donatus, Priscian and the Arab commentators, their roots additionally lie in Augustine and Boethius, they usually took as a lot from their scholastic contemporaries as they gave them. This ebook lines the genesis of a grammar which communicated freely with different speculative sciences, shared their constructions and strategies, and affirmed its personal individuality via defining its item because the reasons of language.

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Extra info for The Mirror of Grammar (Studies in the History of the Language Sciences)

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1. Movere ... vox +... ratio Accidental ... Auditum ... significandi ... . ... ❄ .... 2. Significare ..... dictio .... .. 5: Imposition of Dictio In an important article on naming God, Rosier (1995:138) discusses the use of the term, modus significandi , by thirteenth-century theologians. In the first place they utilise a modus significandi ut which pertains to the general semantics of essence. Modus significandi ut depends on a type of feature analysis, as in concrete and abstract nouns.

As operations are immediately caused by accidents, these considerations differing solum in ratione can be placed in order of prior and posterior. While Peter of Auvergne’s discussion is directly applicable to imposition of words, approaching imposition through the passive potencies of sound seems to have been controversial in the early 1270s. Although the modistae treated articulatio ad placitum and impositio as synonyms, articulatio is a functional term denoting the linkage between signifier and signified as a state, and impositio a formal term denoting the assignment of meaning as a process.

Cf. Aristotle, Metaph. 15 1021a 14–19) Although it is not often cited by our modistae, grammarians were as indebted to the Liber sex principiorum as anybody else for a framework of actio and passio. Actio is the beginning of motus, and passio its end. An action, though not in its agent, proceeds from agent to receiver, in which it produces a passio or effect (L. VI princ. 5). Activum was defined broadly (communiter ) or strictly (proprie). 4a]), for an active actualises the powers of the passive receiving it.

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