By Sam Vaknin & Lidija Rangelovska
Smooth labour theories and perform. Covers matters like employment, unemployment, migration, mind drain, entrepreneurship, workaholism, and exchange unions [C:\Users\Microsoft\Documents\Calibre Library]
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Extra info for The Labor Divide
In Georgia the rate is 70% in the Czech Republic 16%. Even in the OECD, the tidal wave of part-time workers, short term contracts, outsourcing, sub-contracting, and self-employment - renders most figures rough approximations. Part time work is now 20% of the OECD workforce (German attempts to reverse the trend notwithstanding). Temporary work and self-employment constitute another 12% each. No one knows for sure how many illegal economic migrants are there - but there are tens of millions of legal ones.
Sam Vaknin Also published by United Press International (UPI) Communism abolished official unemployment. It had no place in the dictatorship of the proletariat, where all means of production were commonly owned. Underemployment was rife, though. Many workers did little else besides punching cards on their way in and out. For a long time, it seemed as though Japan succeeded where communism failed. Its unemployment rate was eerily low. 6%. As was the case in Central and Eastern Europe, the glowing figures hid a disheartening reality of underemployment, inefficiency, and incestuous relationships between manufacturers, suppliers, the government, and financial institutions.
The remedies, though well known, are politically unpalatable: flexible wages, mobile labour, the right fiscal policy, labour market deregulation, and limiting jobless benefits. Some hesitant steps have been taken by the governments of Germany and France (cut jobless benefits and turned a blind eye to temporary and part-time work), by Italy (decoupled benefits from inflation), and by Belgium, Spain and France (reduced the minimum wage payable to young people). But piecemeal reform is worse than no reform at all.