By G. S. Kirk
This is often the 1st quantity of a projected six-volume observation on Homer's Iliad, less than the final Editorship of professor G. S. Kirk. Professor Kirk himself is the editor of the current quantity, which covers the 1st 4 Books of Iliad. It includes 4 introductory chapters, dealing particularly with rhythm and formular recommendations, by way of the designated observation which goals at assisting severe readers by means of trying to establish and take care of lots of the problems which would stand within the means of a delicate and expert reaction to the poem. The Catalogues in publication 2 recieve specifically complete remedy. The ebook doesn't contain a Greek textual content - very important concerns concerning the textual content are mentioned within the observation. it's was hoping that the quantity as an entire will lead students to a greater knowing of the epic type in addition to of many recognized thematic difficulties on a bigger scale. This remark should be an important reference paintings for all scholars of Greek literature. Archaeologists and historians also will locate that it comprises concerns of relevance to them.
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Extra info for The Iliad: A Commentary: Volume 1, Books 1-4
Düntzer in the 24 The structural elements of Homeric verse middle of the last century, with VVitte, Meister and Meillet contributing important insights in the early part of the present one; but it was the publication in 1928 of Milman Parry's Paris dissertation VÉpithète traditionnelle dans Homère that first made almost complete sense of this aspect of Homeric style. Milman Parry both demonstrated in detail the systematic nature of an important part of Homeric phraseology, and drew the convincing if not wholly provable conclusion that such a s>stem could only be developed for the purposes of specifically oral poetry.
The cultural picture as a whole is an artificial one. Actual people never fought in quite the way the Iliad suggests, and their customs in relation to giving brides or disposing of the dead, although complicated and no doubt changing somewhat from region to region and epoch to epoch, are unlikely to have had exactly those inconsistencies which appear in the Iliad and Odyssey, most of which result from the conflation of different poetical accounts originating at different periods. For just as the language of the Iliad appears as the product of many generations of oral poetry, in which archaic 7 The making of the Iliad : preliminary considerations features are preserved here and there, new developments are introduced from time to time from contemporary spoken dialects, and new kinds of artificial pronunciation are at first tolerated and then conventionalized in the interests of metrical flexibility, so the material and social background is gradually compounded into one belonging to an essentially fictitious 'heroic age*.
A religious festival like the Delia or the Panionia might seem like a possible environment. The Delian Hymn tells of Apollo's maidens singing of men and women of ancient times and somehow mimicking their accents (HyAp 156-64), and there was a tradition about Homer and Hesiod composing hymns to Apollo in Delos according to the scholium on Pindar, Nem. 1. , competitions of rhapsodes were organized at the Panathenaia at Athens in which large sections, at least, of the Homeric poems were recited. Yet the Ionians who with their wives and children enjoyed themselves with 'boxing and dancing and singing' at the Delian festival, according to lines 147 -50 of the Hymn, can hardly be imagined as sitting or standing through 16,000 verses of the Iliad, which would take at the very least 20 hours of continuous singing, and that without taking account of pauses for rest or musical decoration.