Download The Goddess Anath by Umberto Cassuto PDF

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By Umberto Cassuto

Mostly according to texts stumbled on at Ras-Shamra, this ebook is an immense contribution to Ugaritic scholarship.

The Goddess Anath--text, translation, and observation at the Canaanite Epic of the Patriarchal Age--sheds new gentle on many beforehand unexplained linguistic usages within the Bible.

Among West Semites, Anath was once thought of to be leader goddess of affection and battle, the sister and helpmate of the god Baal. She was once a goddess with 4 differing points: mom, virgin, warrior, and wanton. although a "mother" she used to be ever a "virgin". Her lust for blood, and or intercourse, used to be mythical: as soon as, she slayed all Baal's enemies at a feast.

She was once worshiped all through Canaan, Syria and Phoenicia. She used to be a favored goddess of conflict and fertility.

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Example text

Xxiii 32). Nor is this all; the verb is used in the Bible mostly in relation to the serpent (ten times out of twelve). Although it is possible that this usage was influenced by the phonetic similarity between the words, yet we must bear in mind that also in the Ugaritic texts the serpent typifies the biting creatures, even though in Ugaritic there is no assonance between the noun (btn) and the verb (ntk). Thus we read in I AB, vi, 19 with reference to the combat between Baal and Mot: yntkn kbtnm–‘and they bit [each other] like serpents’.

V. 25]: –‘For our soul is bound down to the dust; our body cleaves to the ground’. This word-pair occurs no less than thirteen times in the Bible;11 so large a number suffices to prove that the usage was firmly established. An identical correlation is to be found also in Ugaritic poetry. My intention, however, is not to convey that there exists in Ugaritic 8 Many other examples are given by Yellin, Le-tôrath ha-melîsa ha-tenakhîth, in Kethabhîm Nibhharîm, 2, Jerusalem 1939, pp. 47–49. 9 On the similes, see further my aforementioned article in Tarbiz, XIII, pp.

The following are examples of this kind: (1) To bite like a serpent. There are many animals that bite, yet the customary simile in Biblical literature is to bite like a serpent: –‘Dan shall be a serpent in the way . . that bites the horse’s heels’ (Gen. xlix 17); –‘as if a man fled . . and a serpent bit him’ (Amos v 19); –‘at the last it bites like a serpent’ (Prov. xxiii 32). Nor is this all; the verb is used in the Bible mostly in relation to the serpent (ten times out of twelve). Although it is possible that this usage was influenced by the phonetic similarity between the words, yet we must bear in mind that also in the Ugaritic texts the serpent typifies the biting creatures, even though in Ugaritic there is no assonance between the noun (btn) and the verb (ntk).

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