By Dr. Israel Knohl
New insights on how the Torah took on its ultimate shape during this attention-grabbing ebook, Knohl stocks his knowing of the way the Torah used to be edited into its ultimate shape. He bridges the space among historic Israel (c.1400-586 B.C.E.) and moment Temple occasions (c, 536 B.C.E. to 70 C.E.) via exhibiting the continuity among those eras and the slow evolution of the biblical worldview. Knohl’s interpretation of biblical composition demanding situations a well-liked development in modern biblical scholarship: the concept that old Israel by no means existed as a old fact, yet used to be invented and "retrojected" again in time by means of later Israelite clergymen as a part of their nationwide fable. He translates the textual facts within the Torah itself, to extend at the suggestion that the Torah expresses a pluralistic view of God; that there's continuity among historical Jewish texts and Rabbinic Judaism, and that the lifeless Sea Scrolls exhibit a lot approximately biblical theology.
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Additional resources for The Divine Symphony: The Bible's Many Voices
After the Flood, God realizes that the original divine plan for an idyllic, peaceful existence on earth ignores the fundamental evil elements upon which the world was created. Hence, after the Flood, God allows the killing of animals for the sake of eating them, while forbidding the killing of man, who was created in God's image: Every creature that lives shall be yours to eat; as with the green grasses, I give you all these ... But for your own life-blood I will require a reckoning ... Whoever sheds the blood of man, By man shall his blood be shed; For in His image Did God make man.
9:3-6) The nature of the universe does not change after the Flood. The basic duality of good and evil is still present. The only change is God's awareness of the powerful influence of the 15 primordial evil elements. God is now willing to tolerate bloodshed in the world, but God channels and restricts this violence. YHWH VS. AZAZEL The rituals of the Priestly cult also embodied this fundamental duality of the universe—the primordial evil along with the created good. The most important ritual in the Priestly Torah is the cleansing of the Tabernacle and the sending of the scapegoat to Azazel/ This ritual is to be performed during the holiest day in the year—the Day of Atonement.
And to all the animals on land, to all the birds of the sky, and to everything that creeps on earth in which there is the breath of life, [I give} all the green plants for food. (Gen. 1:29-30) God presents a vegetarian diet for humans and animals. The lion should eat straw with the ox, and the cow and the bear can graze together. In this scheme, there is no violence, no killing, and no bloodshed. As we know, however, this ideal plan fell apart. Evil, which had been hidden in Eden under the beauty of flowers and trees, bursts out; all creatures become violent and begin to kill each other.