By Aleksey N. Kosarev, Andrey G. Kostianoy (auth.), Andrey G. Kostianoy, Aleksey N. Kosarev (eds.)
The systematic description of the data amassed at the actual oceanography, marine chemistry and toxins, and marine biology of the Caspian Sea varieties the fundamentals of this ebook. It offers the crucial attribute positive aspects of the environmental stipulations of the ocean and their adjustments within the moment half the twentieth century. at this time, the valuable difficulties of the Caspian Sea are concerning the interannual sea point adjustments and their forecast and to the estimation of the depth of the chemical toxins of the ocean and its effect upon the biota. unique realization is paid to socio-economic, felony, and political concerns within the Caspian Sea sector. This book relies on a variety of observational information amassed through the authors of the chapters in the course of sea expeditions, at the archive info of a number of Russian oceanographic associations, in addition to at the wide medical literature typically released in Russian versions. This e-book is addressed to the experts involved in examine in a variety of fields of actual oceanography, marine chemistry, pollutants experiences, and biology; fixing a large scope of difficulties from the nearby weather to the mesoscale strategies; and utilizing numerous tools from distant sensing of the seas to numerical and laboratory modeling.
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Additional info for The Caspian Sea Environment
Mezhdunarodnye otnosheniya, Moscow (in Russian) 7. Terziev FS, Kosarev AN, Aliev AA (1992) (eds) Hydrometeorology and hydrochemistry of the seas, Vol. 6. The Caspian Sea, Issue 1. Hydrometeorological conditions. Gidrometeoizdat, St. Petersburg (in Russian) 8. Mikhailov VN, Dobrovol’skii AD, Dobrolyubov SA (2005) Hydrology. Vysshaya shkola, Moscow (in Russian) 9. Kosarev AN, Kuraev AV, Nikonova RE (1996) Vestnik Mosk. un-ta, Ser 5, Geograﬁya 5:47 (in Russian) 10. Malinin VM (1994) The problem of the Caspian Sea level forecast.
Aliev AS (2001) Rise of the Caspian Sea level and ﬂooding of the coastal zone of the Azerbaijan Republic. Elm, Baku (in Russian) Hdb Env Chem Vol. 1007/698_5_003 © Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2005 Published online: 6 October 2005 Thermohaline Structure and General Circulation of the Caspian Sea Waters Valentin S. Tuzhilkin1 (✉) · Alexey N. ru 2 Geographic Department, Lomonosow Moscow State University, Vorobievy Gory, 119899 Moscow, Russia 1 Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . .
S. Nesterov has analyzed the changes in the fundamental parameters of the ocean and the atmosphere in the Atlantic–European region over 40 years (1957–1996). He assessed the ocean surface temperature, its meridional gradient, atmospheric pressure at the sea surface, and geopotential at the 500 GPa level for three regions of the North Atlantic. The most common feature of these characteristics is the growth in their meridional gradients that started in the early 1970s. This Physico-Geographical Conditions of the Caspian Sea 29 resulted in an enhancement of the western transport in the atmosphere.