Download The Book of Numbers: A Critique of Genesis by Calum Carmichael PDF

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By Calum Carmichael

In this paintings Calum Carmichael—a felony student who applies a literary method of the research of the Bible—shows how every one legislation and every narrative in Numbers, the least researched e-book within the Pentateuch, responds to difficulties coming up in narrative incidents in Genesis. The ebook keeps Carmichael’s means of demonstrating how each legislations within the Pentateuch is a reaction to an issue coming up in a biblical narrative, to not an inferred societal scenario.

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The idea of their representing God before the people continues to show up in later rabbinic sources (b. Yom. 19a; b. Kidd. 23b; b. Ned. 35b). , are frequently cited. The fact that they are suggests that the Numbers narrator is aware of and incorporates into his narration their histories as we find them recounted in the Book of Genesis. Numbers 2 lays out the plan of the camp in the wilderness according to the tribal arrangements as traced through the Genesis patriarchs, the sons of Jacob. The Levites are left out of this particular military arrangement because of a special status to which Num 1:47–53 has introduced us and Numbers 3 spells out fully.

Numbers 3 also introduces us to a topic that reappears throughout the entire book. Interest in firstborn sons and their history going back to Jacob’s acquisition of primogeniture from Esau (Genesis 25), to which Numbers 19 will return in a major way, is a topic that turns up time and again in Numbers. Numbers 3 brings up the topic of primogeniture for the first time, an important reference to past history in Egypt, to the Book of Exodus in this instance: “And I [Yahweh], behold, Numbers 1–4 23 I have taken the Levites from among the sons of Israel instead of all the firstborn that openeth the matrix among the children of Israel: therefore the Levites shall be mine.

The following table gives an overview of common elements: Genesis 41–47 Divine ruler, a surrogate, and priests Pharaoh is the God-King of the Egyptians with Joseph as his surrogate. The priests in Egypt stand in a special relationship to Pharaoh. Numbers 1–4 Divine ruler, a surrogate, and priests Yahweh is the God-King of the Israelites with Moses as his surrogate. The Israelite priests stand in a special relationship to Yahweh. They are his firstborn sons. In Numbers, the contrast continues to show up between Pharaoh as a god with his stand-in Joseph—who is spoken of as “even as Pharaoh” (Gen 44:18)—and Yahweh with his representative Moses.

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