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By Aristotle, Frederic G. Kenyon

Most likely written via a pupil of Aristotle, The Athenian Constitution is either a background and an research of Athens' political equipment among the 7th and fourth centuries BC, which stands as a version of democracy at a time whilst city-states lived below differing types of presidency. the author recounts the key reforms of Solon, the guideline of the tyrant Pisistratus and his sons, the emergence of the democracy during which energy was once shared via all unfastened male electorate, and the management of Pericles and the demagogues who him. He is going directly to study the city's management in his personal time - the council, the officers and the judicial procedure. For its details on Athens' improvement and the way the democracy labored, The Athenian Constitution is a useful resource of information in regards to the Athenian city-state.

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Sample text

Let him be responsible for these, and not allow any one to commit outrage with respect to them. If any one commits outrage or does anything illegal, let him have full power to impose a summary fine within his competence; if he thinks that the offender deserves a greater penalty, let him give a summons at five days’ notice, writing at the end the assessment that he thinks appropriate, and bring the accused before the heliaea; if he obtains a conviction, let the heliaea assess for the convicted man what he should suffer or pay.

Features of this kind are not surprising: they can be paralleled in the work of modern research students. It may be analysed as follows; as before, the letters in the left-hand column refer to the sections into which I divide the translation. 2 Assessment; payment of jurors In Aristotle’s Politics the analysis of the elements of a constitution at the end of Book IV deals first with the citizen body, and then with ‘the three parts of all constitutions’: deliberation on public affairs, officials, and justice (1296b–1301a).

In these cases he says not that he has evidence which proves that one version is correct (which is not to say that there was no such evidence), but that one seems more reasonable. 1–2 on the appointment of the archons: this time the author does not admit that there was a disagreement, but we can contrast his statement that the old practice was election by the Areopagus and the new was allotment from an elected short list from the highest property classes with the statement of Aristotle’s Politics (II.

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