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By Justin McCarthy

Before international warfare I, the traditional urban of Van in southeastern Anatolia had a inhabitants of roughly 100,000 humans, whereas the inhabitants of Van Province used to be approximately 500,000. Armenians shaped a wide minority, with Kurdish tribes and Turks within the majority.

The Armenian uprising at Van presents a long-overdue exam of Van from the 1870s to 1919. because the authors kingdom, "The Armenian insurrection was once a vital part of the nice catastrophe that overcame the folks of the Ottoman East. The slaughter of Muslims that followed the Armenian riot in Van Province inexorably led first to Kurdish reprisals at the Armenians, then to a common and mutual bloodbath of the folk of the East."

The activities at Van provide a window into the far-reaching occasions that quickly in different elements of Anatolia.

 

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Disaffected revolutionaries were a serious problem. They were by definition men who were willing to use their weap- Allegiance, Politics, and Power 45 ons. 25 In 1908 Davit (a Dashnak who had a grudge against Aram Manukian, one of the committee heads in Van) betrayed Dashnak weapons stores to the authorities. Nearly two thousand weapons were lost. The revolutionaries were disunified. Hunchaks could not keep their own party together, much less unite with Dashnaks. Armenakans rejected both the socialism of the other parties and their plans to bring Europe to their aid.

Railroad trains have special long tunnels cut into mountainsides leading nowhere; trains are pulled into them to escape blizzards. 11. The vast majority of the Kurds were Muslims, although there were also Christians, Jews, and heterodox Muslims who were attached to tribes or were even members of tribes. 12. These descriptions are based on Mark Sykes, “The Kurdish Tribes of the Ottoman Empire,” Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland 38 (July to December 1908): 451–86.

In years of famine they starved. Others weathered bad times fairly well. Freeholders (for lack of a better word) were at the top of the rural economy of Van Province. Most of these were Kurds and Armenians, although inhabitants of some Nestorian/Chaldean villages and some Turks can be included in the group. What distinguished them from the less fortunate was not legal ownership of their land. 1 What actually distinguished them was stability of land tenure, decent land, and the ability to keep a reasonable amount of the proceeds of their labor.

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