Download Strategies and Policies for Air Pollution Abatement: Review by United Nations PDF

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By United Nations

The 2006 overview of thoughts and regulations for pollution abatement is one in every of a chain of such studies ready less than the 1979 conference on Long-range Transboundary pollution. they target to spot events growth, relief details trade in addition to bring up expertise approximately pollution difficulties and paintings of the conference in the direction of fixing them. It summarizes the developments in pollution and results within the quarter in recent times and identifies a number of the outcomes of the concepts and regulations taken.

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Example text

Some Parties indicated that the EC Directive on national emission ceilings for certain atmospheric pollutants (2001/81/EC) and the Directive on the limitation of emissions of certain pollutants into the air from large combustion plants (2001/80/EC) are both relevant to the Gothenburg Protocol. Cyprus, Denmark, Finland, Norway and Spain all indicated that they had implemented the EC directive 2001/80/EC on Large Combustion Plants while the United Kingdom noted that it was implementing the National Emission Ceilings Directive 2001/8l /EC.

Several directives that make up EU legislation cover air pollution and many European Parties, including EU accession countries, reported that they were incorporating these into their own legal frameworks. Some of the most relevant directives included: the National Emission Ceilings (NEC) Directive (2001/81/EC), the Large Combustion Plants (LCP) Directive (2001/80/ EC), the Integrated Pollution and Prevention Control (IPPC) Directive (96/61/EC) as well as more specific directives, such as those covering sulphur content of gas oils (93/12/EC), fuel standards (98/70/EC) and waste incineration (2000/76/EC).

By 2010, Canadian emissions of NO, and VOCs in the Pollutant Emission Management Area (PEMA), as defined in the Ozone Annex (2000) to the Canada-United States Air Quality Agreement, are expected to decrease from 1990 levels by 34% and 29%. respectively, and the United States NOx and VOC emissions are expected to decrease in the PEMA by 51% and 49% from 1990 levels. (Figures 12 a-d show United States and Canadian PEMA levels as of A t the time of adoption of the Protocol, it was anticipated that the area in Europe with excessive levels of acidification would shrink from 93 million hectares in 1990 to 15 million hectares.

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