Download Solon and Early Greek Poetry: The Politics of Exhortation by Elizabeth Irwin PDF

By Elizabeth Irwin

Analyzing the interplay among poetics and politics in historic Greece's archaic interval, in dating to the paintings of Solon, this quantity argues that, commonly, the political expressions of martial exhortation elegy have been aristocratic in nature and that the symposiasts tried to claim a heroic id at the wider polis group. The examine demonstrates how Solon's poetry subverts this custom, utilizing the poetic traditions of epic and Hesiod to extra assorted political goals. It concludes by way of taking a look past the confines of Solon's poetic appropriations to argue for different impacts on his poetry, specifically that of tyranny.

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4–10). 23 THE POLITICS OF EXHORTATION Homeric ideal of the single champion’s ajjrethvv [‘excellence’] into the ajjrethvv of the patriot . . there is only one standard of true ajjrethvv – the state’. 15 The conclusions had implications for histories of Sparta. Ancient accounts of early Sparta in which the fragments of Tyrtaeus served as testimony for the beginnings of its militaristic character could be clothed in a new sophistication with the help of this kind of Geistesgeschichte. ’17 Tigerstedt in The Legend of Sparta in Classical Antiquity likewise brings the legend to the present day.

E mevvgan novvon: ou[[te ga;;r hJJmei’" peisovvmeq ,j ou[[q juJmi’n a[[rtia ta[u’]t. j e[[setai. 7 8 You, having quieted the strong heart in your breast, you who sated yourself of many good things, keep your great mind within measure. For neither will we obey, nor will these things be fitting for you. Cf. Theognis 493. On the importance of deictic terms in Tyrtaeus see Meier (1998) 173–4 (though she is oddly silent about fr. 11), and in sympotic poetry more generally see Ro¨sler (1983), Pellizer (1990) 179.

On Mimnermus 14, see especially Cook (1958/9) 27–8, who sees imitation of Agamemnon’s exhortation of Il. 370–400, Gerber (1997) 110, and Allen (1993) 10–11 and 23 n. 11, who also includes fr. 9. Bowie (1990) 222, following West’s overnarrow definition (1974) 10, overlooks Solon’s Salamis despite Polyaenus, Strat. 1, but it is rightly classified by Gerber (1997) 100. For discussion of the Salamis see pp. 134–46. For the popularity of exhortation elegy see West (1974) 74 and Murray (1991) 96. Furthermore, Reitzenstein (1893) 46 long ago pointed out, prompted by Tyrtaeus 12, that the scarcity of reference to specific fighters or foes allowed such elegy to be sung in any polis.

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