By Steven K. Ross
Roman Edessa deals a entire and erudite research of the traditional urban of Edessa (modern day Urfa, Turkey), which constituted a impressive amalgam of the East and the West. one of the parts explored are:* the cultural lifestyles and antecedents of Edessa* Edessene faith* the level of the Hellenization at Edessa ahead of the appearance of Christianity* the parable of an trade of letters among a King Abgar and Jesus.
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Extra info for Roman Edessa: Politics and Culture on the Eastern Fringes of the Roman Empire (Routledge Classical Monographs)
Thus, while control of Edessa was critical to the Roman hold on the region, it was no less a key to any westward successes by Rome’s Persian rivals. That Rome was able to pursue its ambitions east of the Euphrates for so long is in large part due to the continued loyalty of the leaders and people of Edessa – a loyalty which may, ironically, have been sealed by the emergence of the powerful Sassanid regime in 226. The Asian empire’s Zoroastrian rulers could be even less tolerant of Christianity than the emperors, and even at this early date Edessa had a sizable Christian community.
Claudius Fronto, whose career inscription lists him as leg. Augg. pr. pr. exercitus legionarii | et auxilior. per Orientem in Armeniam | et Osrhoenam et Anthemusiam ducto | rum, leg. Augg. legioni primae Minervi | ae in exspeditionem Parthicam deducen | dae. 1377 = Dessau 1098, ll. 14–18; cf. Lucian, Hist. Conscr. 21) It was surely Fronto’s armies that besieged Edessa, possibly being admitted to the city by partisans who also helped dispatch the Parthian occupying force (Lucian Hist. Conscr. 12; HA Verus 7).
This event is placed in the Year of Abraham 2130, therefore some 24 years after the death of Abgar in 116. Ma nu is replaced by Wael, the son of Sahru, for a two-year reign beginning in 2154 of the Abrahamic era – this is the only Wael mentioned by the chronicle, and certainly the one who issued the coins in honor of the Parthian king with Syriac inscriptions W L MLK (Chron. Zuq. 125/ 94). The chronicle does not, however, say that Ma nu had died; rather, he ‘went over to Roman territory’ (BT RWMY – Chron.