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By Simone Arnaldi, Arianna Ferrari, Paolo Magaudda, Francesca Marin

This publication disentangles the complicated meanings of accountability in nanotechnology improvement by means of concentrating on its theoretical and empirical dimensions. The inspiration of accountability is intensely varied within the public discourse of nanoscale applied sciences. Addressed are significant disciplinary views engaged on nanotechnology, e.g. philosophy, sociology, and political technological know-how, in addition to the foremost multidisciplinary parts correct to the innovation procedure, e.g. know-how evaluate and ethics. moreover, the interaction among such expertises, disciplines, and learn programmes in supplying a multidisciplinary realizing of accountability is emphasized.

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Within the health professional-children-parents relationship, responsibility in the sense of responding for someone is at stake as well because parents should respond for their child and for his/her possible request for neuroenhancement, thoroughly assessing the reasons behind this request and eventually questioning their conduct. Another aspect of the meaning of responsibility in the sense of responding for someone concerns responding for future generations. In this respect, a paradigmatic example showing the normative force of technological visions in the present can be found in the debate on genetic enhancement, in particular in the normative theory proposed on this topic by Savulescu.

As a matter of fact the prescription of drugs for the purpose of neuroenhancement occurs within the context of a health professional-children-parents relationship. The relationship is always described in terms of an inequality of knowledge and skills because it is established between a person seeking assistance and another who professes to provide it. ’ The health professional declares that by using his knowledge and skills he will provide the necessary help to promote the interest of someone seeking assistance.

Consequently, from this first analysis of the word responsibility, we could say that a responsible person is someone who is able to give a response, to answer for something, to or for someone. In this regard, it could be stressed that the link between being responsible and giving an answer is clearly present within the German language as the word Antwort (answer) is part of the term Verantwortung (responsibility). Further considerations on this topic could be provided by a deeper analysis of the verb respondere because it is derived from spondere, another Latin verb meaning ‘to promise’, ‘to guarantee’, ‘to ensure’, ‘to make a commitment’ (Garcia 1989, p.

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