By Peter Newman, Visit Amazon's Timothy Beatley Page, search results, Learn about Author Central, Timothy Beatley, , Heather M. Boyer
Half the world’s population now reside in towns. within the subsequent 20 years, the variety of city dwellers will swell to an anticipated 5 billion humans. With their inefficient transportation platforms and poorly designed constructions, many cities—especially within the United States—consume hundreds of fossil fuels and emit excessive degrees of greenhouse gases. yet our planet is quickly operating out of the carbon-based fuels that experience powered city progress for hundreds of years and we appear to be not able to minimize our greenhouse gasoline emissions. Are the world’s towns headed for inevitable collapse? The authors of this lively e-book don’t think that oblivion is unavoidably the future of city parts. as a substitute, they think that clever making plans and visionary management can assist towns meet the upcoming crises, and glance to current tasks in towns worldwide. instead of responding with worry (as a legion of doomsaying prognosticators have done), they pick out desire. First, they confront the issues, describing the place we stand this present day in our use of oil and our contribution to weather switch. They then current 4 attainable results for towns: ”collapse,” “ruralized,” “divided,” and “resilient.” based on their eventualities, they articulate how a brand new “sustainable urbanism” may exchange today’s “carbon-consuming urbanism.” They tackle intimately how new transportation structures and structures will be feasibly constructed to exchange our current low potency structures. In end, they provide ten “strategic steps” that any urban can take towards higher sustainability and resilience. This isn't a e-book jam-packed with “blue sky” conception (although blue skies can be a welcome results of its recommendations). really, it truly is jam-packed with useful principles, a few of that are already operating in towns at the present time. It frankly admits that our towns have difficulties that would aggravate in the event that they aren't addressed, however it means that those difficulties are solvable. And the time to start fixing them is now.
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Extra resources for Resilient cities: responding to peak oil and climate change
It is of course the issue of exponential growth that masks the power in these numbers. For years environmentalists have been warning about the power of exponential growth in population and resource consumption to overwhelm our planet. Now exponential decline in fossil fuel resources can work in our favor as we are forced to plan for change. We are already seeing changes as we enter this new phase. For example, renewable energy (mostly wind and solar) is growing at around 40 percent per year. In terms of resilience thinking, the challenge for our cities is to reduce petroleum fuels at a rate that can manage the global climate and peak oil agendas, but not destroy the social fabric of the city in the process.
They be- 22 Resilient Cities lieve much more can be squeezed out of conventional wells to ease us through the next few years and allow time for alternatives to develop. Critics of this report raise considerable questions about the potential for “pushing” conventional oil. 17 Enormous effort has gone into trying to discover new oil reserves and to extract more from the reserves that remain. The discovery of new oil reserves is now growing at a much slower rate than oil is being consumed (at least one in three).
Takes 26 percent). Understandably, the oil and car companies have been reluctant to admit to a peak in oil production due to the potential impact on their share price. 13 The Wall Street Journal front page article in November 2007 “Oil Officials See Limit Looming on Production,” said that practical politics means that there is likely to be no more than 100 million barrels a day produced from the world’s oil wells and perhaps less. This is due to the high depletion rates of many peaking wells, which have been overpumped to keep production expanding (slower pumping would lead to a slower decline) and to the political turmoil in the Middle East (where the biggest deposits remain), Nigeria, and Venezuela.