By National Research Council, Division on Earth and Life Studies, Board on Environmental Studies and Toxicology, Committee on Research Priorities for Airborne Particulate Matter
In 1997, the U.S. Environmental safety supplier (EPA) tested regulatory criteria to deal with health and wellbeing dangers posed through breathing in tiny debris from smoke, automobile exhaust, and different resources. whilst, Congress and the EPA started a multimillion buck study attempt to higher comprehend the resources of those airborne debris, the degrees of publicity to humans, and the ways in which those debris reason disease.
To offer autonomous counsel to the EPA, Congress requested the nationwide learn Council to review the appropriate matters. the end result used to be a chain of 4 experiences at the particulate-matter examine application. the 1st books provided a conceptual framework for a countrywide examine software, pointed out the ten most crucial examine wishes, and defined the suggested timing and predicted expenditures of such examine. The 3rd quantity begun the duty of assessing preliminary growth made in enforcing the examine application. This, the fourth and ultimate quantity, gauged learn growth revamped a 5-year interval on all of the 10 learn themes. The nationwide study Council concludes that particulate topic examine has ended in a greater figuring out of the health and wellbeing results brought on by tiny airborne debris. even if, the EPA, in live performance with different corporations, may still proceed learn to minimize additional uncertainties and tell long term decisions.
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Extra info for Research Priorities for Airborne Particulate Matter IV: Continuing Research Progress
Barriers to implementing integrated research include scientific and administrative challenges. There is also a need to foster cross-disciplinary communication and collaboration. The costs for the needed research may substantially exceed those originally estimated for this topic by the committee, but these costs should not be a basis for deferring needed research, given the importance of the air pollution control topic. Enhancing Air Quality Monitoring for Research Meeting the key PM research priorities will require a shift in the current air monitoring paradigm, from primarily assessing compliance with the NAAQS toward serving multiple purposes, such as air quality forecasting, episode alerts, exposure characterization in populations at high risk, health studies, atmospheric process studies, evaluating emission-source zones of influence, and evaluating long-term effectiveness of control strategies.
2 The committee’s formal statement of task is presented in Appendix B. This final report of the committee addresses progress since its first report, published in 1998 (NRC 1998). That report, Research Priorities for Airborne Particulate Matter: I. Immediate Priorities and a Long-Range Research Portfolio, proposed a conceptual framework for a national program of PM research (Figure 1-1); identified 10 high-priority research topics linked to key policy-related scientific uncertainties (Box 1-1); and presented a 13-year integrated “research investment portfolio” containing recommended short- and long-term phasing of research and estimated costs of such research.
The staff paper references only those papers cited in the criteria document that specifically affect the setting of the four elements of the NAAQS. The criteria document and the staff paper are reviewed by EPA’s Clean Air Scientific Advisory Committee. The proposed schedule has been slowed by the magnitude of the task of preparing and reviewing the criteria document and by the identification of a substantive statistical issue affecting the results of the time-series epidemiological studies,3 necessitating reanalysis of major studies considered by EPA (HEI 2003).