By Evanthie Michalena, Jeremy Maxwell Hills
This e-book makes a speciality of Renewable power (RE) governance - the associations, plans, rules and stakeholders which are desirous about RE implementation - and the complexities and demanding situations linked to this a lot mentioned power region. when RE applied sciences have complex and develop into more cost-effective, governance schemes hardly ever help these applied sciences in a good and inexpensive manner.
To illustrate the matter, worldwide case-studies delicately display successes and screw ups of renewable power governance. RE here's thought of from a couple of views: as a neighborhood geopolitical agent, as a device to fulfill nationwide RE pursuits and as a promoter of neighborhood improvement. The e-book considers bold insights on RE transitions, governmental regulations in addition to monetary instruments, resembling Feed-in-Tariffs; besides their inefficiencies and prices. This accomplished probing of RE concludes with a remedy of what we name the “Mega-What” query - who's benefitting the main from RE and the way society can get the simplest deal?
After interpreting this booklet, the reader can have been involved with all features of RE governance and be towards the heart beat of RE mechanisms. The reader also needs to have the ability to give a contribution extra significantly to the discussion approximately RE instead of simply make stronger the well-worn adage that “RE is an effective factor to happen”.
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Additional info for Renewable Energy Governance: Complexities and Challenges
This has increased employment in the wind-energy sector and has encouraged universities and technical colleges to provide courses on wind energy (Pereira et al. 2012). Brazil faces fewer obstacles to RE development than other Latin American countries, which must deal with policy and financial barriers ‘‘…including arrangements that favor low upfront costs and continued fuel costs (fossil fuel) over high upfront costs and low fuel costs (RE)’’ (Lambrides 2006, p. 78). Most Latin American countries focus on short-term energy prices and invest in projects with short construction time and low initial investment costs (Etzkowitz and Brisolla 1999; Organization of American States 2004).
This system consists of establishing a total number of alternative sources of renewable electricity to be installed and uses several auction sessions to select the projects with the lowest costs (Pereira et al. 2012). Allowable sources include biomass, biodiesel, wind energy, and small and large hydropower plants. It encourages as many bidders as possible, allows for transparent use of energy sources, and sets a fair price for electricity (Pereira et al. 2012). Most of Brazil’s renewable electricity comes from hydropower.
Coal, lignite pulverization, and combustion of pulverized fuel contributed to the drastic increase of installed power in large-scale power plants leading to a reduction of specific capital costs. At the same time, the progress in material science and steel manufacturing methods facilitated the development of steam boilers operating in supercritical steam parameters (above the critical conditions: 220 bar, 374 °C). This in turn led to a considerable increase of the electric efficiency and to a decrease of the electricity generation cost.