By Vladimir Shlapentokh
From the past due Fifties to the early Eighties, the Soviet people’s reputation of legitimate kingdom ideology used to be steadily changed by means of an emphasis at the relations and the person. maybe essentially the most very important social, fiscal, and political techniques to ensue in smooth Soviet society, privatization has prompted humans to withdraw their time, strength, and emotion from kingdom managed actions, making an investment them in its place in relatives and friendship. using novels, movies, and his personal surveys performed within the Soviet Union, the writer, an emigre sociologist, analyzes the evolution of attitudes towards relations and friendship and the emergence and improvement of civil society as a sphere of interplay no longer directed by means of the nation. eventually, Shlapentokh examines Gorbachev’s reforms as an try out by means of the political elite to revive the authority of the nation and the status of legitimate public task in addition to to use a few parts of privatization within the pursuits of the nation. A gripping and revealing account of a side of Soviet society frequently hidden from Westerners, this ebook will allure a wide viewers.
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Extra info for Public and Private Life of the Soviet People: Changing Values in Post-Stalin Russia
It means that the Soviet individual must take part inall phony elections, local and national (which occur once every one or two years), as well as in the ritualistic campaign which usually precedes each election. The good citizen should also be politically active and work toward getting elected to one of the governmental bodies. He or she must participate enthusiastically in various public discussions about the projects advanced by the government, respond to the questions of officially sponsored polls, and react with letters to the editor concerning issues in the Soviet mass media.
The role of ideology in invoking patriotic duty is especially useful in calling for more and better work performance in those occupations where it is difficult to assess the quality of results, as well as in encouraging people to choose an occupation or residence, since Soviet people are relatively free to do what they want in this regard (about the role of ideological factors as stimuli of economic behavior, see Gvozdev’s Stimuli of Socialist Economy, 1985, pp. 35- 37). The ideological factor, coupled with moral considerations and the fear of criminal prosecution, is regarded by the elite as a major impediment to pilfering and the abuse of power for personal enrichment.
He also suggested, referring to empiri- cal data, that there had been a steady improvement in labor discipline in the 1970s (Aitov, 1981, pp. ‘ Along with data attesting to the great devotion of Soviet people to work, Soviet sociologists use four types of arguments to buttress this view. Two are openly ideological, and the other two are sophisticated and ambivalent in their interpretation. viet . cianS. $e*$. erde the winners both materially and morally. According to the data pubiI§ ¢d“‘5By‘“the “Ceritral Statistical Boardiin 1982, 85 percent of all employees in the economy took part in socialist emulation, 64 percent of them joined the movement for communist labor, and 30 percent had already gained the title of “shock workers” (TSSU, 1985, p.