By Thomas Hoffmann
Preposition placement, the contest among preposition stranding (What is he speaking about?) and pied-piping (About what's he talking?), is likely one of the best parts of syntactic edition in English. this is often the 1st e-book to enquire preposition placement throughout all kinds of clauses that license it, reminiscent of questions, exclamations and wh-clauses, and people which express express stranding, corresponding to non-wh relative clauses, comparatives, and passives. Drawing on over a hundred actual examples from either first-language (English) and second-language (Kenyan) facts, it combines experimental and corpus-based methods to supply a whole grammatical account of preposition placement in either sorts of English. even if written in the usage-based development grammar framework, the consequences are awarded in theory-neutral terminology, making them available to researchers from all syntactic colleges. This pioneering quantity can be of curiosity not just to syntacticians, but in addition moment language researchers and people engaged on edition in English.
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Additional info for Preposition Placement in English: A Usage-based Approach
Clearly, introspection data collected in such a way can be considered both objective and falsifiable. Since corpora easily allow hypotheses to be tested by different researchers, the objectivity and falsifiability of this data source is also uncontroversial. Thus, both corpus and introspection qualify as good data sources for empirical research. Both are valid, reliable and objective data which allow for the generation of falsifiable hypotheses. Their individual strengths derive from the fact that they are measuring slightly different phenomena: corpora yield good data for the statistical analysis of positive data with respect to frequency and context phenomena.
As the above discussion shows, while the ICE-EA is modelled as closely as possible on the ICE-GB corpus to ensure comparability, the situation in Kenya and Tanzania required several changes to the sampling scheme to ensure the representativeness of the data (see Schmied 1996). Nevertheless, due to their balanced and comparable composition the ICE-GB and the ICE-EA corpora can be considered the most reliable data sources available for any contrastive study on British and Kenyan English. The greatest disadvantage of the ICE-EA corpus for the present study was that so far it has not been tagged or parsed.
Next, while the above statistical tools were used to test the overall distribution of preposition placement, it was also deemed important to check whether specific syntagmatic lexicalizations were significantly associated with particular syntactic constructions. 4) I like the way in which he did it. 2, way in is actually the most frequent antecedent–preposition syntagm in manner adjunct relative clauses in the ICE-GB. This raises the question, however, of whether the two words are also significantly associated – or in other words whether there is statistical support for the claim that way in-manner relative clauses are a lexically stored syntagm for British English speakers.