By John W. Du Bois, Lorraine E. Kumpf, William J. Ashby
Preferred Argument Structure deals a profound perception into the connection among language use and grammatical constitution. In his unique booklet on hottest Argument constitution, Du Bois (1987) confirmed the facility of this angle by utilizing it to give an explanation for the origins of ergativity and ergative marking platforms. seeing that this paintings, the final applicability of most well-liked Argument constitution has been established in reviews of language after language. during this assortment, the authors stream past verifying most well liked Argument constitution as a estate of a given language. They use the method to bare extra sophisticated facets of the styles, for instance, to appear throughout languages, diachronically or synchronically, to envision specific grammatical family, and to ascertain unique populations or specific genres. This quantity will entice linguists drawn to the connection of pragmatics and grammar often, within the typology of grammatical family members, and in motives derived from info- and corpus-based techniques to research.
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Additional info for Preferred Argument Structure: Grammar As Architecture for Function (Studies in Discourse and Grammar)
Du Bois argument selection, I am taking more than a terminological stance. I am suggesting that there is a uniﬁed problem of argument selection, more complex than has usually been recognized, which is characterized by the interaction of multiple aspects or processes like those labeled above. I will leave the discussion of argument realization to a later section. Of the remaining four, inclusion and targeting could be seen as the starting and ending points of argument selection, respectively, though they are more often taken for granted than recognized and problematized.
Table 2. Lexical argument quantity: Frequency of clauses by quantity of lexical arguments9 Quantity: Language Hebrew Sakapultek Papago English Gooniyandi 0 1 2 Total N % N % N % N % 261 211 430 252 2318 (50) (46) (57) (47) (62) 252 240 307 241 1305 (48) (53) (40) (45) (35) 9 5 22 39 114 (2) (1) (3) (7) (3) 522 456 759 535 3737 (100) (100) (100) (100) (100) There is a second constraint on the grammatical conﬁguration of lexical argument realization in two-place predicates. The constraint we have already seen (as evidenced in Table 2) readily ‘allows’ one lexical core argument per clause.
But Fillmore’s scenes were broader, and less dependent on individual verbs. Moreover, he was careful to emphasize that the scene did not of itself necessarily determine argument selection, for the simple reason that speakers are in many cases able to choose among alternative verbalizations available for a given scene (cf. 7 For some scenes at least, multiple verbs provide for the expression of alternative perspectives, with a corresponding diﬀerence in subject selection. An oft-cited example is the commercial event, in which verbs like buy, sell, or spend oﬀer alternative perspectives with correspondingly distinct argument selection patterns.