Download Pre-Ottoman Turkey: A General Survey of the Material and by Claude Cahen PDF

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By Claude Cahen

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Additional info for Pre-Ottoman Turkey: A General Survey of the Material and Spiritual Culture and History, c. 1071-1330

Sample text

For this reason such militias, besides being ineffective when needed for military purposes, were thOl it of the foreign and often unpopular a ~ange~~o ;~tu;:ds aut~matically replaced them by a garriso~, pnnces. e il T ki h my this name (a Persian word) ID ~ 'h f the regular ur s ar , . Z ~a, 0 • to denote the leader who commanded It. ~~ ~~~ ained expenence an w c . h th g. Wo entIre Y _ d N' - al Mulk The ideas of the latter are lZam - . k h viziers al-Kundun an . he expounded them in a PersIan wor , t e .

39 SE PRE-OTTOMAN TURKEY THE EMPIRE OF THE GREAT SELJUKIDS From al-Maqrizi onwards , the Egyptian h'IS t onan . of h fifteenth century, writers have repeated that Niza IM t e . m a - ulk put an end to tIus system and replaced it by what . E . I . k ,m uropean termmo ogy, IS nown as the 'feudal' system. The test' . d' d" lmony of the peno ,mclu mg that of Nlzam al-Mulk himself for II d . h rd' f th" ' ma y erues ~ e va ~ ;~y~d IS assertl~n. s was exact ~ the same as that of the Bilyids, with greater authonty to secure ItS observance .

Sellll-tradJtlOnal details reveal the persistence of ~ertain practices: it was an ancient custom of the Oghuz, as mdeed of many peoples in Central Asia, to regard the bow and arrow as a symbol of authority, and a message received its guarantee of authenticity if accompanied by the characteristic arrow of the chieftain who was sending it. Now we also find records of this practice under Malik-Shah and for the Artukids ' , even as late as about I 120-5. One particular and well-known institution that of the tllghrii.

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