By Karen Chapple
As international warming advances, areas all over the world are undertaking progressive sustainability making plans - yet with social fairness as an afterthought. California is on the leading edge of this stream, not just simply because its laws actively lessen greenhouse fuel emissions, but in addition simply because its pioneering environmental legislation, industry innovation, and Left Coast politics exhibit how one can combination the "three Es" of sustainability--environment, economic system, and fairness. Planning Sustainable towns and Regions is the 1st ebook to provide an explanation for what this grand test tells us in regards to the such a lot simply direction relocating ahead for towns and areas around the globe.
The publication bargains chapters approximately neighbourhoods, the economic climate, and poverty, utilizing tales from perform to assist remedy puzzles posed through educational examine. in accordance with the latest demographic and fiscal traits, it overturns traditional principles approximately how you can construct extra livable areas and colourful economies that provide chance to all. This thought-provoking booklet offers a framework to accommodate the hot inequities created by way of the circulate for extra livable - and costly - towns, in order that our greatest plans for sustainability are selling extra equitable improvement as well.
This publication will attract scholars of city stories, city making plans and sustainability in addition to policymakers, making plans practitioners, and sustainability advocates round the world.
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Extra resources for Planning Sustainable Cities and Regions: Towards More Equitable Development
The 1950s had brought new awareness of uneven development patterns, with increasingly competitive “growth poles” draining capital and people from other places in a “backwash” effect that created new equity problems (Myrdal 1957; Perroux 1955). 3 At the regional level, the idea of core and periphery resonated, particularly as inequality among regions increased. Innovation clusters in core regions were clearly starting to drive regional development, lifting the nimble Sunbelt over the less adaptive Rustbelt regions (with the help of supportive federal policies such as military spending) (Markusen et al.
The idea of sustainable development at the regional scale might be traced back to Ian McHarg’s work on green regionalism: a green region embraces its ecological systems, such as water, climate, and topography, and integrates them into planning (McHarg 1969; Steiner 2011). To add the notion of equity to sustainability, it took the advent of the environmental justice movement, as well as the concept of intergenerational equity advanced by the World Commission on Environment and Development’s Brundtland Commission.
City governments have taken action against climate change, enacting energy efﬁciency and recycling programs that encourage individuals to take action, and creating voluntary sustainability plans that set targets for the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions. But reducing automobile dependence is challenging, if not impossible, within city boundaries, since mode choice depends on destinations that are outside the city, and is thus shaped by regional labor and housing markets. Metropolitan fragmentation creates signiﬁcant challenges for coordinating across cities.