By J. Barry Cullingworth, Roger Caves
;Planning within the united states: guidelines, concerns and procedures НАУКА и УЧЕБА,ДИЗАЙН и ГРАФИКА Название: making plans within the united states Автор:J Cullingworth Издательство: Routledge Год: 2003 Страниц: 336 ISBN: 0415247896 Формат: PDF Язык: Английский Размер: 5,1 MBThis commonly revised and up to date version of making plans within the united states keeps to supply a accomplished advent to the regulations, thought and perform of making plans. Outlining land use, city making plans and environmental defense guidelines, this totally illustrated ebook explains the character of the making plans approach and how within which coverage matters are pointed out, outlined and approached.Скачать.com uploading.com0
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Extra info for Planning in the USA: Policies, Issues and Processes
The essential feature of these programs is that they operate on a small scale (with only a small number of black families moving into a white area): they thus avoid raising resistance. Such an argument may raise moral doubts, but the intense opposition to open programs has created increasing pessimism about the viability of traditional approaches. Another alternative has been proposed (and implemented) by Chester Hartman. This involves the stimulation and utilization of research which is focused on issues that enable activists to be effective in carrying out an advocacy agenda.
Many may agree that a comprehensive system of health care is needed, but it may prove impossible to fashion an acceptable method of providing this — a point dramatically illustrated by the collapse of President Clinton’s health proposals. In the debate, differences appear in both means (such as methods of financing) and ends (such as the extent to which health care is to be ‘comprehensive’ in terms both of the people to be included and the health conditions to be covered). Very speedily, ends and means become confused.
This is an attractive theory, though skeptics are not convinced! Many argue that political forces are stronger that those of rationality. Altshuler, for example, categorically states that ‘the city planner like almost everyone in American politics controls so little of his environment that unquestioning acceptance of its major features is a condition of its own success’ (Altshuler 1965). The few practicing planners who have written about planning theory point to the validity of this statement. Even the exceptional Norman Krumholz, who PLANNING AND GOVERNMENT 23 explicitly placed ‘equity planning’ at the top of his personal agenda, makes it clear that his high ideals had to be mediated through the rapids of blatantly political forces.