Download Ottomans and Armenians: A Study in Counterinsurgency by Edward J. Erickson PDF

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By Edward J. Erickson

Masking the interval from 1878-1915, Ottomans and Armenians is an army heritage of the Ottoman military and the counterinsurgency campaigns it waged within the final days of the Ottoman empire. even if Ottomans have been one of the so much lively practitioners of counterinsurgency campaigning within the late-nineteenth and early-twentieth centuries, within the great literature on hand on counterinsurgency within the early twenty-first century, there's little or no scholarly research of the way Ottomans reacted to insurgency after which went approximately counterinsurgency. This ebook offers the thesis that the Ottoman govt constructed an evolving, 35-year, empire-wide array of counterinsurgency practices that diversified in scope and execution counting on the strategic value of the affected provinces.

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121 The truth of what actually happened is almost impossible to recover and reconcile today. The author believes that young Armenian men, who were armed by the revolutionary committees, unwisely became involved in gunplay over a minor problem with their Muslim neighbors. The Ottoman authorities overreacted, provoking a more dangerous response from the Armenians. The conflagration quickly spread into the city proper where it had the appearance of a revolt. In turn the Ottoman authorities brought in military forces and ruthlessly stamped out both real opponents, while at the same time massacring thousands of innocent people.

At the same time, a major outbreak of violence, known today as the Adana Massacres, shook ARF-CUP relations to the core, almost destroying the hitherto cooperative alliance. 120 Direct testimony by neutral international observers is similarly conflicted, but it seems that enough atrocities were committed by each side so that any number of conclusions could be drawn from the violence, which lasted about a week. 121 The truth of what actually happened is almost impossible to recover and reconcile today.

The committee, which advocated westernization and modernization, grew and received impetus from the efforts INSURGENCY BY COMMITTEE 31 of Ottoman prince Sabahaddin, who had moved to Paris in 1899, and who had become an ardent advocate of reform. The prince formed the Society of Ottoman Liberals and then, in 1906, the League of Private Initiative and Decentralization. Recognizing the success the Macedonian nationalists were having with exterior and interior committees, Dr. 109 ┼×akir reorganized the CUP into functioning parallel elements, with the external group in Paris, and the internal one in Salonika.

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