By Doğan Gürpınar (auth.)
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Additional info for Ottoman/Turkish Visions of the Nation, 1860–1950
However, the reiteration of the paragraphs of the most acclaimed medieval chronicles and early modern accounts rendered them as impeccably truthful. This ‘reality effect’ not only involved their factuality but also their ideological implications. However, apparently the same wording and assessment at different historical and cultural junctures bring about different slants. These medieval chronicles and the early modern accounts were utilized to establish certain modern narratives in compliance with the national and modern imaginations of the transmitters and betrayed a continuous function.
69 While these epic short stories serialized in Yeni Mecmua celebrated the exploits of the Ottoman heroes, Ahmed Refik contributed to the journal regularly conveying various aspects of ‘Ottoman civilization’ in articles on splendid Ottoman mosques and Ottoman prose. Whereas Köprülüzade Mehmet Fuad published articles on the literary heritage of the Ottomans, Rauf Yekta’s articles were devoted to Ottoman music. The journal also devoted articles to the architectural and artistic legacy of the Seljuks and the Byzantines, revealing the laudatory Anatolian heritage from which contemporary Turkey derived.
The theme of sedition is another theme inherited from the medieval hagiographies that serves the national agendas. In the Ottoman chronicles, unsurprisingly, any challenge to authority, whether it be from mutinous soldiers or from the members of the dynasty contending for the throne, is depicted as sedition and seditious (fesad). 30 In these medieval hagiographies, the Karamanids, the main rival of the Ottomans in dominating Anatolia, emerge as the main conspirators and agents of sedition. The regular conflicts between the brothers for the throne were perceived as opportunities for the Karamanids to destabilize the Ottoman polity and to restore their lost grandeur.