By Ken-Ichi Kitayama, Francesco Masetti-Placci, Giancarlo Prati
This e-book is of curiosity to either educational researchers operating within the box of optical fiber conversation. the focal point is on engineering networks exploiting complicated optical applied sciences. initially provided at OpNeTec 2004, the chapters conceal optical community structures, transmission, and amplification; theoretical points; procedure implementation; and experimental test-beds.
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Extra info for Optical Networks and Technologies: IFIP TC6 WG6.10 First Optical Networks & Technologies Conference (OpNeTec), October 18-20, 2004, Pisa, Italy (IFIP ... Federation for Information Processing)
Moreover, operators will wish to use this opportunity to simplify their networks and reduce operational costs. In this context, we believe that there will be a substantial integration of the SDH and WDM sub-layers in the transport network. g. g. Fibre Channel, DVI 1 In particular in the regional and core parts of networks. There is a tendency towards the “collapsing ” of transport, aggregation and switching at the edge of the network . 32 video, low latency GigE and 10GigE) which are currently transported as “wavelength services”.
5. CONCLUSION We have presented a view of the development of next generation networks. It is being driven by: Flat to declining revenues from traditional fixed line services Rapid growth in bandwidth demand, predominantly from data services Reducing revenues per bit carried Business need for major operating cost reduction A set of emerging technologies does allow operators to address these business problems. Emergence of Internet Protocol as an increasingly ubiquitous service interface A wide variety of broadband access technologies (xDSL, optical Ethernet, Wireless) supporting a common IP service framework Data-enabled transport, including “Next Generation SDH” and Ethernet developing for the WAN, utilising a control plane for fast restoration and implementation of provisioning.
In general, fixed line network operators in the developed world are expecting a slow long-term decline in revenues from these traditional services. They are developing defensive strategies (pricing tactics against mobile services, for example) but nonetheless expect these revenues to decline (3% per annum is a European operator expectation). 1 Service evolution Residential Customers Residential broadband is a major success as a consumer technology. Worldwide, the dominant method of provision is DSL.