By David McKitterick
As we depend more and more on electronic assets, and libraries discard huge components in their older collections, what's our accountability to maintain 'old books' for the longer term? David McKitterick's energetic and wide-ranging examine explores how outdated books were represented and interpreted from the eighteenth century to the current day. Conservation of those texts has taken many kinds, from early tools of counterfeiting, imitation and rebinding to fashionable practices of microfilming, digitisation and images. utilizing a complete variety of examples, McKitterick unearths those practices and their results to handle wider questions surrounding the price of published books, either when it comes to their content material and their prestige as historic items. making a hyperlink among old methods and the applied sciences of the longer term, this publication furthers our figuring out of previous books and their importance in an international of electronic expertise.
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Additional info for Old Books, New Technologies: The Representation, Conservation and Transformation of Books since 1700
As had been known for generations, oil and grease could be tackled with a thin solution of potassium. Pigments and writing ink were more difﬁcult. The possibilities were transformed with the discovery of chlorine in the early 1770s by a Swedish chemist named Carl Scheele. At ﬁrst, chlorine was known as dephlogisticated muriatic acid air, muriatic acid being the term then used for hydrochloric acid. It was not to be recognised as an element until Sir Humphry Davy did so in 1810, but its properties were quickly exploited for their manufacturing applications.
At ﬁrst, chlorine was known as dephlogisticated muriatic acid air, muriatic acid being the term then used for hydrochloric acid. It was not to be recognised as an element until Sir Humphry Davy did so in 1810, but its properties were quickly exploited for their manufacturing applications. In the 1780s the French chemist Claude Louis Berthollet used it as a bleach in his tapestry factory. Then, at the end of the decade, Jean-Antoine Chaptal (1756–1832), 31 32 Restoration and invention professor of chemistry at the University of Montpellier, pointed out its applications for cleaning old prints and books in a paper to the Académie Royale des Sciences, published in the ﬁrst number of a new journal, Annales de Chimie.
The same procedure was followed by the many printers in the ﬁrst half of the nineteenth century who aped old editions by producing type facsimiles of more or less conviction. The difference lies perhaps in the somewhat depressing fact that modern readers are apparently either reluctant or unable to read black-letter or old-style typefaces. It all has to be visually translated so as to be ‘readable’, though it might be questioned how far the ‘aesthetic impact’ has in fact survived, to offer any kind of historical sense to the classroom.