One of many fresh accomplishments of Biblical scholarship is the systematic and targeted description of the oral and literary styles present in the previous testomony. It used to be Hermann Gunkel (1862-1932) who initiated the form-critical strategy, thereby including to the exegetical instruments of Biblical scholarship an device which proves to be a good assist in the translation of the previous testomony. Many new insights into the profile and personality of Biblical texts were made attainable, and heritage in addition to environment in lifetime of just about all oral and literary styles happening within the previous testomony were defined. the normal introductions to the previous testomony endure witness to this and, even as, provide in concise shape the result of form-critical research.
The current examine is dedicated to an oral and literary trend which doesn't take place often within the outdated testomony yet which however merits cognizance and particular research: the numerical asserting. the main frequent examples of this style ensue within the 30th bankruptcy of the publication of Proverbs, the place a set of 5 numerical sayings is located (xxx 15-31).
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Additional resources for Numerical Sayings in the Old Testament: A Form-critical Study
GORDON, Ugaritic Manual (Rome 1955), p. 263, no. 628 of the glossary). 6) Martin NOTH, Oberlieferungsgeschichtliche Studien, 2nd ed. 68. , p. 92. OBSERVATION OF NATURE 25 a study to the relation between Job xxxviii f. and the Amenemope Onomasticon from ancient Egypt, 1) in which he shows that the poet of Job xxxviii 12 ff. has 'used' some onomasticon similar to the Amenemope Onomasticon. The tabulation of items occuring in both texts, given in that study, clearly demonstrates this. 2) However, as far as the numerical sayings of Provo xxx 29-31, 24-28, and 18 f.
4) John BRIGHT, A History 01 Israel (Philadelphia 1959), p. 198. Supplements to Vetus Testamentum XIII 3 26 REFLECTIVE NUMERICAL SAYINGS This text is an independent unit, originally not connected with its present context. There can be no doubt concerning "the legendarymythical nature of the material" 1) and regarding the origin of this tradition in ancient Mesopotamia. 2) While the identification of the first two rivers is difficult, it is clear that all four rivers are real and not mythical rivers.
Enoch renders it doubtful whether its author based his description on real geographical knowledge current in his time. If he did, this text indicates that among certain people it was held that there are seven rivers 'on the earth'. Geographical observation and reflection are also found outside the Old Testament. The complicated subject of the Nile inundation could be mentioned in this connection (Herodotus i 20-23), or the manner in which the Greeks, according to the same historian, divided the earth into three parts (ii 16): 1) .