By Achim Brunnengräber, Maria Rosaria Di Nucci, Ana Maria Isidoro Losada, Lutz Mez, Miranda A. Schreurs
This quantity examines the nationwide plans that ten Euratom international locations plus Switzerland and the USA are constructing to deal with high-level radioactive waste garage and disposal. The chapters, which have been written by way of 23 overseas specialists, define ecu and nationwide laws, expertise offerings, security standards, tracking platforms, reimbursement schemes, institutional constructions, and methods to public involvement. Key stakeholders, their values and pursuits are brought, the duties and authority of alternative actors thought of, decision-making procedures are analyzed in addition to the criteria influencing diverse nationwide coverage offerings. The perspectives and expectancies of alternative groups concerning participatory choice making and repayment and the stairs which were or are being taken to advertise discussion and positive problem-solving also are considered.
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Extra resources for Nuclear Waste Governance: An International Comparison
Pdf, last accessed 16 September 2014. , and von Hippel, F. ) (2011). Managing Spent Fuel from Nuclear Power Reactors. Experience and Lessons from Around the World. International Panel on Fissile Materials – IPMF, Princeton. https://www. pdf, last accessed 30 September 2014. International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) (2009). Geological Disposal of Radioactive Waste: Technological Implications for Retrievability, IAEA Nuclear Energy Series No. 9, Vienna. 2014. , and Bergmans, A. (2012). Socio-Technical Challenges to Implementing Geological Disposal: a Synthesis of Findings from 14 Countries.
Societal acceptance of nuclear energy varies. Public opinion surveys made in Europe before the Fukushima nuclear accident revealed that public acceptance of nuclear power would increase significantly if the waste disposal problem could be solved (Eurobarometer 2010). Regardless of their views of nuclear power, people realise that spent fuel and radioactive waste generated by existing nuclear facilities must be dealt with. In most countries the debate is no longer confined to scientific and techno-political actors, but also includes many other relevant stakeholders, including actors from civil society and social movements.
The plan does not give a percentage for nuclear energy in the future as it is unclear how many of Japan’s remaining NPP will pass new safety standards established after the Fukushima nuclear accident. The Japanese nuclear industry, the powerful Ministry of Economy Trade and Industry, and other nuclear supporters have argued that Japan will face soaring energy costs, rising GHG emissions, and economic decline without nuclear energy. Nuclear opponents argue that Japan can survive without nuclear energy by promoting renewable energy and energy conservation and point to the country’s ability to function after the Fukushima nuclear accident with no nuclear energy connected to the grid.