By Michael J. Boivin Ph.D., Hailey Wouters B.S. (auth.), Michael J. Boivin, Bruno Giordani (eds.)
Increasingly, international humanitarian efforts are concentrating on bettering the lives of youngsters. And one of the constructing global, the African international locations are quite tormented by severe climatic conditions, devastating pandemics, and armed clash. Neurocognitive technology deals major avenues towards bringing wanted relief to the continent whereas making a template for assisting youngsters worldwide.
The experiences in Neuropsychology of youngsters in Africa sincerely illustrate how the mind develops and adjusts within the face of adversity. individuals span review techniques and public overall healthiness chance elements, and signify demonstrated subject matters and rising strains of analysis, together with biocultural constructs and genomic applied sciences. jointly, those chapters argue for technique that's culturally delicate, scientifically rigorous, constant, and sustainable. And even if the point of interest is pediatric, the e-book takes a lifespan method of prevention and intervention, modeling a common framework for figuring out neurocognitive improvement. integrated within the coverage:
- Assessment of very childrens in Africa within the context of HIV.
- Psychosocial points of malnutrition between African children.
- Assessment of neuropsychological results in pediatric serious malaria.
- Neurodisability screening utilizing the 10 Questions questionnaire.
- The neuropsychology of sickle mobile sickness in West African children.
- Computerized Cognitive Rehabilitation treatment for African children.
As a consultant to present findings or a springboard for brand new stories, Neuropsychology of youngsters in Africa is an important reference for researchers, policymakers, and various execs in worldwide reduction agencies, and around the discipline.
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Extra info for Neuropsychology of Children in Africa: Perspectives on Risk and Resilience
Much of this positive trajectory is due to greater, though not yet universal or consistent, availability of antiretroviral medications for HIV treatment and prevention. In sub-Saharan Africa, increased access to treatment was associated with a 20 % decrease in AIDS-related deaths between 2004 and 2009 (UNAIDS 2010), though coverage remains below 40 % for those in need of medications, leaving ample room for continued reduction in mortality. Medications to prevent mother-to-child transmission of HIV have also dramatically reduced the number of children born with HIV in recent years.
Caregiver questionnaires: Assessment of very young children can be accomplished through questions asked of the caregiver about a child’s typical behavior in the home setting. This method is particularly useful since very young children are less reliably cooperative or awake, and performance in an unfamiliar test setting may not be maximal.
Follow-up studies revealed that the DMC was sensitive to effects of risk factors in resource-limited settings in Kenya, including limited maternal education, poor health, and limited physical growth (Abubakar et al. 2010b). Malawi Developmental Assessment Tool: In an effort to create a simple, culturally appropriate developmental screening tool for use in Malawi, Gladstone and colleagues (2008, 2010) collected and culled potential items from both Western measures and tasks suggested by local focus groups as representative of expected developmental behaviors.