By G. Whitesides, P. Alivisatos (auth.), M. C. Roco, R. S. Williams, P. Alivisatos (eds.)
energy creation, environmental administration, transportation, communique, computation, and schooling. because the twenty-first century unfolds, nanotechnology's effect at the health and wellbeing, wealth, and defense of the world's humans is anticipated to be not less than as major because the mixed impacts during this century of antibiotics, the built-in circuit, and human-made polymers. Dr. Neal Lane, consultant to the President for technology and expertise and previous nationwide technological know-how starting place (NSF) director, said at a Congressional listening to in April 1998, "If I have been requested for a space of technology and engineering that may probably produce the breakthroughs of the following day, i'd element to nanoscale technological know-how and engineering. " spotting this strength, the White residence place of work of technology and expertise coverage (OSTP) and the workplace of administration and price range (OMB) have issued a joint memorandum to Federal service provider heads that identifies nanotechnology as a examine precedence zone for Federal funding in economic yr 2001. This document charts "Nanotechnology learn Directions," as built by means of the Interagency W orking crew on Nano technology, Engineering, and expertise (IWGN) of the nationwide technological know-how and expertise Council (NSTC). The document contains the perspectives of major specialists from govt, academia, and the non-public zone. It displays the consensus reached at an IWGN-sponsored workshop hung on January 27-29, 1999, and distinct in contributions submitted thereafter through individuals of the V. S. technological know-how and engineering group. (See Appendix A for an inventory of contributors.
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Extra info for Nanotechnology Research Directions: IWGN Workshop Report: Vision for Nanotechnology R&D in the Next Decade
To this day, the processes of nucleation and growth are incompletely understood, and we do not know what is the largest number of atoms that can be assembled into a precisely defined molecular structure. Even if a system is prepared according to an ideal chemical process, there inevitably will be variations. There is a need to understand further which desirable properties are retained or even simplified by averaging out such variations, and which properties are lost. 8 1. Fundamental Scientific Issues for Nanotechnology Assemblies of Nanoscale Building Blocks The construction of functional assemblies of nanostructures depends upon asound understanding of the intrinsic couplings between nanostructures.
The requirements for and from nanotechnology transcend anything that can be supplied by traditional academic disciplines, national laboratories, or even entire industries. For all of these reasons, a Federal initiative is critical to establishing an effective national effort in nanotechnology. Looking to the future: lessons from the past Although there is always considerable uncertainty in predicting future benefits, this report attempts to anticipate some that will occur within the next few decades.
Professional science and engineering societies must consciously seek to develop appropriate forums that reach beyond their traditional membership and encourage the desired mixing. S. researchers are aware of global advances in nanotechnology. Recommendations • Establish interdisciplinary fora that effectively mix academic, government, and industrial researchers, that acce1erate progress in research and development in nanoscience, engineering and technology, and facilitate the transition into other fields and technologies.