By Alev Cinar
What might an Islamic modernism seem like? The query is a urgent one, as cultures insurgent opposed to modernity in its nearly completely ecu varieties. Alev Cinar's groundbreaking exam of up to date Turkey, which stands on the threshold of East and West, of non secular and secular nationalism, explores modernity via day-by-day practices and the social building of identification and political corporation on the subject of nationalism, secularism, and Islam. targeting advancements of the Nineties, Modernity, Islam, and Secularism in Turkey argues that Islamist ideology generated another modernization undertaking, which utilized an analogous thoughts and strategies as that of the modernizing kingdom to supply and institutionalize its personal model of an both thorough nationalist software. utilizing neighborhood information and debates - together with a desirable dialogue of veiling as symbolic of either the "liberation" of Western visual appeal and the Islamists' fight to rescue their nation's tradition - Cinar unearths modernity as a transformative intervention in our bodies, areas, and occasions. Bringing a much-needed serious thought method of undergo at the politics of an Islamic state, Cinar's paintings introduces a brand new means of conceptualizing modernity according to the research of a non-Western context.
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Extra info for Modernity, Islam, and Secularism in Turkey: Bodies, Places, and Time (Public Worlds)
The second is as the invisible gaze of the observer, as it is evoked by the specific way in which the spectacle is arranged and presented. Although Foucault’s work is often cited for the latter—that is, the invisible gaze of the observer, vested with the power to organize, define, and control by virtue of its invisibility and inaccessibility—I focus on the former gaze, the visible gaze of the spectacle. This gaze, in combination with the arrangement of space and objects and the positioning and clothing of bodies, functions so as to call into being an observer.
Taking nationalism and nation-building projects as a central concern, this study also builds upon the main premise that the building of a nation is intrinsically tied to the making of the public sphere, so much so that they are in fact one and the same process. Building of a nation-state involves the drawing of both material and metaphorical boundaries, including territorial, national, ethnic, racial, cultural, and religious boundaries. Drawing the boundaries of the nation involves setting the terms of inclusion more than does determining its externality.
Another aspect of the modernizing intervention is that it is a means through which political agency is created. The intervening subject, by defaming and deprecating the present and projecting an ideal future, establishes itself as the agent of modernity who will lead the transformation toward that future. Whether it is the state or contending political forces, the intervening subject seeks to save the nation from its present malaise and lead it toward the future that can be reached only via the path that is paved by this particular subject.